StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Research Methods for Social Epidemiology - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Research Methods for Social Epidemiology

Observational research involves descriptive and analytical studies. First, participant observation (in which the observer is obvious to and involved with the subjects) is less valid than a questionnaire would be for sensitive data. Second, the observer's expectations affect what he or she sees and reports, reducing the validity of the data. Validity is thus diminished when the observer reports seeing either "everything" or "nothing." In its turn, observational epidemiology involves the following types of research: descriptive studies, ecological studies fallacy, cross sectional studies and cohort studies (Oakes and Kaufman 2006).
In participant observation, the researcher is a regular participant in the activities being observed; while in non-participant observations, the researcher is not a participant in the ongoing activities being observed. Second, structuring the observation increases validity by focusing the attention of the observers on certain characteristics and events. Third, placing the observation on a scientific foundation by stating a hypothesis up front increases validity by avoiding distortion. Using observation only for studying those epidemiological phenomena that are appropriate to this method (e.g., nonverbal behaviors and social interactions) increases validity (Beaglehole et al 2007).
In contrast to observational epidemiology, experimental design involves ra ...Show more

Summary

As a science, social epidemiology follows different research methods and employs different techniques which meet its scientific needs and research requirements. Observational and experimental methods have different purposes and allow researches to investigate different sides of a problem or a research issue…
Author : hilbertmills
Research Methods for Social Epidemiology essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Research Methods for Social Epidemiology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Social research methods
The questionnaire was distributed to men and women aged 16-64 years in England although the respondents were of all races. Questionnaire Design The questionnaire design used for the survey was a simple questionnaire as shown below. It was distributed to a number of people in England.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Social research methods
He further states that the goal of social research is to “explore, describe and explain”. Firebaugh (2008) concurs that survey research is one of the most important areas of measurement applied in social research. The broad area of survey research encompasses any measurement procedures that involve asking questions of respondents.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Social research methods
Statistics are a useful tool to manipulate and analyze data. In the simplest of terms, statistics can be defined as the science of collecting, organizing and interpreting data (Dodge, 2003). Statistics play a very important role in research process. It provides the researcher with useful techniques such as the t-tests and AONVA to evaluate their research hypothesis and theories.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Comparison six research methods
The six research methods chosen are longitudinal study, focus group, Delphi method, interview technique, questionnaire survey and observational study. The report presents a streamlined view of benefits as well as shortfalls of various research methods. Various applications of these methods are also discussed.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Methods Of Research
These guidelines include specific rules and regulations for the ethical treatment of research subjects as well as the governance of informed consent. These guidelines transcend all methodological specifications. In conducting research, the researcher has to consider the nature of the study he/she intends to conduct, the ethical ways in which data can be gathered, the benefits/risk ratio as well the level of evidence available for the research study.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Research Methods for Social Epidemiology
In the study of social epidemiology and its related disciplines it is significant to look at the way in which researchers are approaching the work. By looking at the work of Raphael, DiGiacomo, and
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Epidemiology and research methodology
Such trends can also be observed especially in terms of sexually transmitted diseases. According to a research, however, this pattern is observed among developed countries because the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Epidemiology
For example, descriptive studies and surveillance can be used for the study of distribution; with analytical studies utilized for the study of determinants. Major areas of study are investigation of outbreaks, screening and surveillance of disease, bi monitoring, and comparison
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Quantitative Social Research Methods
The need to better understand and improve one’s practice is based on the need to transition from novice to expert (Neary, 2000). Various studies have been carried out in order to evaluate motivations involved in student decisions to work in these specific specialties.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Epidemiology
Thus, Epidemiology entails the analysis of the causes and origin of diseases in the society (Smith, 2001). It provides the foundation for explaining
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation