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Inclusion and Special Educational Needs - Essay Example

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Inclusion and Special Educational Needs

This poses a challenge on the practitioners as well as the state, since they are committed to provide an appropriate education for all. It is well known that factors such as ethnicity, disability and material deprivation are associated with inequality, social exclusion and the risk of low educational attainment, due to diversity of the condition and the candidates. By diversity, it is not only meant the different grades of disabilities or challenging behaviours in these people, it also reflects divergent cultural values and norms. To promote and enforce equal access to education, the current trend is to acknowledge the rights of inclusion of these people. Following lots of argument, now most agree inclusion describes a process where the pupil with special needs may be educated in an inclusive school build within the mainframe of the ordinary schools, in order to gradually accept them in the mainstream (Croll and Moses, 2000, 1-12).
The nature of provision for special educational needs has changed drastically over the last few years following the Warnock Report and the 1981 Education Act. Ideally, all education, special or ordinary should look at implementation of principles of social justice in education, as deployment of "what is good for the common interest where that is taken to include the good of each and good for all" (Griffiths, 1998, 95 in Quicke, 2007, 2-15). This implies improvement of education of all and specially of those with special needs. This should, therefore, follow certain principles guided by the code for practitioners (QCA/DfEE, 2001). In a broader sense, the inequality in education of those identified to have special education needs, can only be demolished by inclusion (DfES, 2001, 1-13) due the fact that all children, special or ordinary, have the rights to experience relationship with others having different identities, backgrounds, interests, and achievements, since otherwise, education for all is impoverished (Farrell, 2001, 3-9).
Department of Health has recently published a White Paper for people with learning disabilities in 2001, representing a very bright outlook for these people, but still this area needs improvement since may are excluded from the mainstream through prejudice, bullying, insensitive treatment, and discrimination (Department of Health, 2001, 1-10). Classification of the children with special education needs based on handicaps was not realistic since it ignored individual differences, social backgrounds and developmental stages, and the dangers of labelling and stigmatizing were inherent in it (Aylott, 2001, 512). This expressed the Government's intentions in this process seeking to provide a central and strategic policy about how the services for the people with needs for special education will be directed, implemented, and evaluated, and need-based special education involving principles of inclusion can be implemented (Lewis and Norwich, 2001). This also articulated future service configurations based on four fundamental principles of rights, independence, choice, and inclusions (Department of Education and Science, 1978).
Inclusion in education is defined as the process of enhancing the participation of children and young people in the cultures, curriculums, ...Show more


Introduction: Not only in education, also in day to day life, the matters of central importance are to communicate and interact. If a child or a young person experiences significant difficulties in these two areas of vital importance, there must be suitable educational provision to this end in order to ensure that the student with such needs makes the best possible progress…
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Inclusion and Special Educational Needs essay example
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