StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Based assignment - Case Study Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Based assignment

Sudden herniation through the foramen magnum (back of the skull) is fatal (Kennedy, 2001).
Increased ICP is defined as a sustained elevation in pressure above 20mm of Hg/cm of H20. The craniospinal cavity may be considered as a balloon. During slow increase in volume in a continuous mode, the ICP raises to a plateau level at which the increase level of CSF absorption keeps pace with the increase in volume. Intermittent expansion causes only a transient rise in ICP at first. When sufficient CSF has been absorbed to accommodate the volume the ICP returns to normal. Expansion to a critical volume does however cause persistent raise in ICP, which thereafter increases logarithmically with increasing volume. The ICP finally rises to the level of arterial pressure, which it self begins to increase (Thamburaj, 2004).
Raised ICP causes arterial hypertension, bradycardia (Cushing's response) and respiratory changes. It is traditionally accepted that hypertension and bradycardia are due to ischaemia or pressure on the brainstem. There is also a suggestion that they could be due to removal of supratentorial inhibition of brainstem vasopressor centers due to cerebral ischaemia and that bradycardia is independent of the rise in blood pressure. The respiratory changes depend on the level of brainstem involved. The midbrain involvement results in Chyne-Stokes respiration. When midbrain and pons are involved, there is sustained hyperventilation. There is rapid and shallow respiration when upper medulla involvement with ataxic breathing in the final stages. Pulmonary edema seems to be due to increased sympathetic activity as a result of the effects of raised ICP on the hypothalamus, medulla or cervical spinal cord (Thamburaj, 2004).
There are observable signs that point out that Joyce is indeed suffering from increased intracranial pressure. The most significant of which was the dilation of the left eye.
It was revealed in the assessment data that Joyce's pupil in the left eye is greater than her right eye. This only shows that there is malfunctioning in her internal head part or within the brain, particularly in the right side of her brain. it should be noted that dilation of the eyes must be equal on both sides as a result of normal functioning inside the brain. And because the left eye's pupil is dilated more than the right eye, it can only be assumed that there is a very strong pressure inside the brain, forcing the left eye's pupil to be dilated heavily.
Another significant data that shows that the patient is suffering from raised intracranial pressure is her abnormal blood pressure, body temperature and intracranial pressure rates. All of these three aspects are beyond and/or under the normal limit of an average person. Joyce's blood pressure is very low (the normal blood pressure is 110/70 - 120/80). This could only mean that there is something wrong in her blood circulation which can be affected by the electrolytes and or malfunctioning of some of her body organs, nerves and systems. Her body temperature is beyond the normal limit which is 37 degree Celsius to 37.5 degree Celsius (Dunn, 2002).
Abnormal blood pressure also shows that her blood circulation and body organs are not working properly thereby affecting the production of body heat. Joyce's intracranial pressure is also high and over the limit of the normal rate. This reflects that there is an increased intracr ...Show more


Joyce was assessed with raised intracranial pressure because of the fact revealed in her assessment data. It should be noted that intracranial pressure or ICP is a condition in which the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid or brain matter within the skull exceeds the upper limits for normal pressure…
Author : qcummerata
Case study based assignment essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the case study on your topic
"Case study based assignment"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Case Study-Based Assignment
Practically, a diagnosis of respiratory failure is made in clinical presentation and arterial blood gas analysis. A fall arterial oxygen tension (Pa,O2) of <8.0 kPa (60 mmHg) and an arterial carbon dioxide tension (Pa,CO2) of >6.0 kPa (45 mmHg) or both, is indicative of respiratory failure (Roussos and Koutsoukou, 2003).
8 pages (2000 words) Case Study
First case study assignment
One such theory which was posited and subsequently retracted was that of Sigmund Freud’s “Seduction Theory”. As such, the purpose of this brief analysis is to briefly discuss the seduction theory, analyze its contents, and seek to infer a rational for why Sigmund Freud chose to abandon such a theory only one year after mentioning the high probability of its existence.
3 pages (750 words) Case Study
For this Assignment, you will need to produce a report based on Concept Design Services case study
3 1.2.1 Strategic Planning, Marketing and Competitive Advantage…….……… 3 1.3 Analysis of the Situation………………………………………………………….. 3 1.3.0 Analysis of the Products…………………………………………………..
8 pages (2000 words) Case Study
Case Study Assignment
Internet Gateways have also been utilized. These components need to work efficiently without interruptions for performance and attainment of company’s goals. The performance and well-being of these topologies and arrangements is only possible when the staff and
5 pages (1250 words) Case Study
First case study assignment
such a method imposed and must subsequently be discarded as a way to make room for theories that could actually work to explain the world as it existed. One such theory which was posited and subsequently retracted was that of Sigmund Freud’s “Seduction Theory”. As such,
3 pages (750 words) Case Study
Case study
This essay will give a summary of the case study highlighting the main points. The essay will conclude by answering the various personality questions that come with the case study. When he first to Gainesville, Florida from Puerto
4 pages (1000 words) Case Study
aracteristic qualities of entrepreneurs in his ‘model of start-up influences’ include self-confidence, internal locus of control, self motivation, and the desire to succeed. Even though Mary Kay had numerous qualities that Burns attributes in his model to owner managers,
6 pages (1500 words) Case Study
Neurobiology Assignment/Case Study
It is responsible for judgment, deductive reasoning, discernment, and behavior control. Among the parts of the brain, it is prefrontal cortex which develops the last. Although it is fully complete even at
3 pages (750 words) Case Study
Tesco Case Study Assignment
In this regard, the case of Tesco has been analyzed in details. Tesco is currently the market leader among other major companies like, ASDA and Sainsbury’s, in the domestic market. The strategic practices adopted by the company have been
15 pages (3750 words) Case Study
Case study assignment
However, with this being understood, is should also be stated that neither of these represent the “best” alternative. Perhaps a better alternative would be to contact the customer and warn them of the unexpected
3 pages (750 words) Case Study
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation