Although non-governmental organization (NGO) does not have a unanimously accepted definition, it does have a few basic characteristic features. Obviously, it should not be affiliated with, or under the control of any form of government. Other characteristics that differentiate NGOs from the various types of bodies are that it will not be approved as a political party, it will be non-profit organization, it will not be a criminal group, and will exhibit zero violence…
In spite of that, an NGO is never constituted as a political party, a criminal group, a government body, or a violent guerilla agency. (Willetts, 2002); (Baehr; Gordenker, 1986)
In 1910, around 132 international NGOs formed a coalition under the name, the Union of International Associations. At that time, the NGOs had a variety of names for themselves including international institutes, international unions, and international organizations. Although the initial scheme of the UN charter did not consider any plan to combine forces with private organizations, a grand meeting at the San Francisco conference changed this fact. Thence came into being the United Nations, in 1945. The participation of NGOs in UN greatly increased its role in the social and economic issues around the world, and it also raised the status of the Economic and Social Council to a principal organ. So, in order to differentiate the two types of organizations involved in the UN, specialized agencies was the term set for organizations formed by intergovernmental agreements, while non-governmental organizations was set for private agencies. Both these terms were entered into the official UN vocabulary, but NGO gained a much larger popularity, especially since the 1970's, and so entered into general use. (Willetts, 2002)
The number of NGOs increased exponentially after the Second World War, at the national and local level. On the international level, NGOs came into being supporting global issues like human rights, rights of women, and maintenance of the environment. Along with these issues, international NGOs also gained importance in the matter of global politics associated with the UN and its subsidiary organizations. (Karns, 2008); (Ahmed; Potter, 2006)
Some of the factors that have contributed to the growth of NGOs worldwide are given below (Karns, 2008); (Baylis; Smith, 2001):
A rise in popularity of global issues like human rights, environmental protection, etc.
An increase in international conferences held under the sponsorship of the United Nations.
The boom in technology, which lead to smooth communications between individuals or organizations through facsimile (fax), Internet, and e-mail.
An increase in the popularity of democracy, which gave rise to the civil society and provided the opportunity to every person to constitute and manage organizations more freely.
NGOs take part in a variety of activities. They provide significant information and consultancies to both governmental and international organizations, for instance agencies affiliated with the UN, regarding current global issues. The data supplied to these organizations is often not available to the local government. (Karns, 2008)
NGOs may decide to have a particular policy to tread on, like banning of landmines, acted upon by the International Campaign to Ban ...
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(Non-Governmental Organization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
“Non-Governmental Organization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/281084-non-governmental-organization.
From this definition, one could actually think that NGO’s are composed of people who are driven by altruistic feelings and ideologies. Nevertheless, it is contended that such characterization of NGO’s is quite limited. NGO’s are created not just to benefit the disadvantaged people but also for other sectors.
These voluntary organizations are self-regulated and self-reliant, and are financed through donations, charities, and government groups to perform various social activities locally or internationally. NGOs broadly work in two areas, the development sector of a region or country, and the civil sector working for fundamental human rights in societies and communities.
United Nations Industrial Organization: A Case Reviewed
The case of UNIDO is very interesting and effective because it is that specialized agency of United Nations which have not just helped the underdeveloped countries to explore their tendencies but also helped agricultural countries to become in contact with industrial countries for importing purpose.
Apart from this, it also tries to up-lift the status of the women citizens by presenting them the basic education at quite low costs compared to others. This might prove effective for the women citizens in taking their decisions by themselves. And it also tries to help the individuals badly affected by wars or natural disasters (Care, n.d.).
They often impact the social, economic and political activities of communities and the country as a whole. NGOs address a host of issues, including, but not limited to, women's rights,environmental protection, human rights, economic development, political rights, or health care.
to collaborate to create the expertise, information, and tools that people and communities need to protect their health – through health promotion, prevention of disease, injury and disability, and preparedness for new health threats” (Centers for Disease Prevention and
safety, and they include governmental organizations that have the authority to prosecute violations of environmental regulations that are committed within their jurisdictions. The intergovernmental organizations, which is part of the multinational organization such as the