The road ahead of people experiencing serious illness is not straight nor smooth. At times, they may feel like simply quitting. On the other hand, restoring health is like a "moving forward process", in which the patients as well as their family may need to go through an emotional period…
Countless studies have linked diet, lifestyle and habits to several forms of kidney Disease. Diet has been a strong linked to development of common adult ailments (Health and Home, 2002). According to International Federations of Kidney Foundations and International Society of Nephrology (Sun-Star, 2007), one (1) of every (10) adult may possibly suffer from renal disease. In United States, Chronic Kidney Disease prevalence has been continuously rising over the past years; researchers at John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2008) say. In their investigation, it was explored in the overall prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), there have been around 10% increase of population suffering it during 1988-1994; while 13% during 1999-2004.
does not experience any symptoms and therefore may be unaware that they have it, but there are simple tests which can detect the condition. If CKD remains undetected, it can progress to established kidney failure requiring dialysis or transplantation, very poor health and in some cases early death (CDC, 2009).
This study aims to document the live experiences of patients who are suffering from renal failure, at the same time, design a health care plan for the patients. By doing so, the appropriate care of the health care team will be improved in such a way that it could assist patients and their loved ones recognize as well as cope with the challenges they confront in combating kidney failure. With positive outlook, determination and education, health care team will hopefully be one with the patient and family.
Review of Related Literature
Presented in this section are the various readings and findings of different authors in order to provide necessary background and framework of the study, most especially on methodology .
According to the American family physician that chronic kidney disease are the major health problem that are increasingly throughout the world. In which this problem could lead to heart diseases if not treated earlier and because a lot of people don't know the real definition of kidney problem and do not enough facilities in the
Lived Experiences 3
detection and evaluation of the disease (Johnson, et.al., 2004). Sometimes people are unaware that their kidneys are not functioning properly. This is because kidneys are very adaptable. Even when most of a kidney is not working the remaining portion will increase its activity to compensate for the loss, (Gerry, 2006). Some cases of renal disease has no symptoms which can lead to chronic complication or serious health problem; although there are guidelines for early identification of the disease that will help people save their lives in a way of early detection. The guidelines tend to offer some simple test for CKD if they have risk factors like diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and a family history of kidney failure (NICE, 2008).
Data from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) indicated that there has been an increase of 104% in the prevalence of chronic renal failure (CRF) between the years ...
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The only prominent sign of acute renal failure is decreased production of urine. There are basically 3 types of ARF and they are: prerenal, intrinsic and post renal. In prerenal, the nephrons are structural intact and ARF occurs because of adaptive response to volume depletion that is severe enough to cause hypotension.
Nephrotic syndromes comprise two words, which have different meanings. Nephros is a Greek word meaning kidney while syndrome is a word meaning a collection of symptoms. Causes of nephrotic syndrome Nephrotic syndrome cannot itself be termed as a disease but a set of symptoms which reflect or indicate a failure in the kidneys.
This condition results in acute failure like injuries, accidents, or in some situations surgeries complications causing the kidney to be deprived of its normal blood flow. In addition to these internal effects of the acute renal failure to the patients, there are external effects of the disease which have proved to be even more difficult to deal with.
The two types of dialysis include the peritoneal and the hemodialysis. The peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneal cavity in the filtration process whereas in hemodialysis, the filtration process occurs through the dialysis machine. Both methods are beneficial for patients and depending on recommendations of medical practitioners, the appropriate method of dialysis can be used for the patient.
This is a very important system function due to the fact that we continue to consume food products, which produce a lot of filtrate waste after the necessary transfusion into the blood stream of needed nutrients (John, Webb & Young, 2004, p. 827). As part of the anatomy of the human being, the kidneys are expected to perform this all important function described above.
Urine tests include Na and creatinine concentration and microscopic analysis of sediment; acidosis, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, and anemia." (Merck Manuals, 2005) The physician may also order an ultrasound scan to determine the degree of obstruction or damage to the kidneys.
The presence of abnormal plasma levels in multiple substances is remarkably consistent. Some of those substances include parathyroid gland and urea. These are classified as uremic toxic substances. Clinical signs of the end stage renal
Several health care providers are needed in the care of a patient undergoing insertion of a dialysis graft. A surgeon is needed to create the access using a tube that is implanted in the arm. A laboratory technician is also of importance in the care of such a patient to carry out blood tests so as to ensure the dialysis prescription is favorable.
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