StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

History of Correction in America - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
History of Correction in America

Another facility of correction known as Bridewell was constructed in 1775 that was placed in New York City Hall Park although it's the independent war interrupted its construction. New York State Legislature in 1788 enacted a law to construct another correction facility named Almshouse and named twelve commissioners to oversee the construction.
The commissioners began the department of correction in New York and they opened the first state prison in 1788 known as Greenwich State Prison. In 1817 another correction facility known as Auburn was opened which expanded in 1821 by opening a new wing.
In 1951, the institution for insane criminals was established on the Auburn prison ground. This was an idea of a group of reformers that thought they would start child savers by sending city children to live with farm families. Their idea brought about the establishment of the New York Juvenile Asylum. Almshouse Department was replaced by New York City Department of Public Charities and Correction in 1851. The department took control of the city's public welfare and correctional institutions.
Ludlow Street Jail also known as New York Country Jail was established in 1862 and in 1863 another jail was built in Manhattan known as New York City's Fourth District Prison. This became the 57th street jail that was part of a court complex. Another correction facility named New York City's Seventh District Prison was established along Manhattan city's west side in 1865.
New York City was authorized by the State Legislature to separate the Department of Public Charity and Correction in 1873. This separation brought about the Public Charities Division and the Correction Division. Society for the prevention of cruelty to children was established after the division and it prohibited the confinement of children at Almshouse. Elmira Reformatory was established in 1876 and it based its practices on the reform theory rather than punishment theory. 1
Louis D. Pilsbury was appointed the first Superintendent of Prison and was assigned the fully control and responsibilities of all state prisons. Under Louis leadership brought about the establishment of the house of refuge for women and enactment of the penal code that emended the children's law. (Whitehead, Pollock and Braswell, 2003)
Still under Louis leadership as the superintended of prison so the establishment of New York City's Fifth District Prison in 1885 which was a multi-tiered structure that included a forty double occupancy and a dormitory that held fifty prisoners.
(Whitehead, Pollock and Braswell, 2003)

Modern correction has changed the ancient theories of correction and reformer thought of bringing good part of the society into the jails and prisons. They have incorporated education, religion, work, and self-governance in they correction as they are certain that this would eventually rehabilitate the prisoners. This has brought about the establishment of education programs, prison industries and vocational programs in the prisons. They have also been establishment of specialized prisons in the modern correction. The use of corporal punishment also came to an end. There has been Prisoner's Rights Movement that gives the prisoners rights of freedom of speech and religion ...Show more


were unruly soldiers, debtors and people who were un-complaint. In 1642, another Correction centre was built known as States Huys which served also as a tavern, a city hall and a court. The facility was unfit hence it could not be used as judicial centre or a jail and this brought about the construction of New York City hall…
Author : felton78
History of Correction in America essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"History of Correction in America"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

History- Modern latin america
Argentina’s tryst with terror linked ruling policies came to an end after its defeat in the Falklands war with Britain. Searching for life written by Rita Arditti presents the horrifying tale of struggle between the military juntas and its resistors who were branded as enemies of the state by the then rulers.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
History- Modern latin america
This chapter also delved heavily on the artistic side of its people, i.e., naturalism and romanticism, and how it can be related to nationalism. It is also in this chapter that the varying nations' influences on the people of Latin America became apparent.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Essay on Correction Techniques
For example, hard core criminals like Osama Bin Laden or Mullah Omar may never change their criminal attitudes even if they undergo any of the correction techniques. However, there are many instances in which criminals change their behaviour after they went through the correction techniques.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
History of Latin America
Only during the middle sixteenth century did Spain gained enormous profits from mining the natural resources of their American colonies.3 Silver and mercury, in particular, which was mined in Peru and Mexico, provided the financial means for Spain that allowed it to dominate Europe for nearly one hundred years.4 Mining silver, however, was not an uncomplicated business undertaking and required planning and workforce management strategies.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
America history since 1865
Prior to this movement, the negro was still discriminated even after the Emancipation Act of President Lincoln that abrogated slavery. The negro before cannot comingle with the whites and they were often deprived with the opportunity to better their lot in life.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
History of America
The 1890s saw large scale immigration of people from Europe to the United States. Within one decade 13 million people had crossed over the Atlantic to settle down to make life in the United States. People from across Europe, Irish, Jews and Italians in particular all made their way across the Atlantic to start a new life in the United States of America.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
History of Slavery in Colonial America
The history of slavery in America is one of betrayal and abuse. It is a gritty and complicated history that sprung out of greed and prejudice. Nonetheless, it is part of America's history, and needs to be told. To first understand how slavery became a part of life in colonial America, one must first examine the history of slavery from its origins.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
History of america
The Battle of Saratoga was fought by the German and the British troops combined against the Americans. The place where this Battle was held was the Hudson River in the New York State. The German and the British forces were commanded by Major General John Burgoyne. On the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
History of Latin America
Only during the middle sixteenth century did Spain gained enormous profits from mining the natural resources of their American colonies.3 Silver and mercury, in particular, which was mined in Peru and Mexico, provided
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Within such an understanding, the traditional and classical criminological perspective of the United States and many other Western nations developed to view criminals and crime as ultimately individuals that had made a series
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us