The onset of this disease therefore is during childhood. Patients suffering from this type of diabetes are prone to the development of ketoacidocis and therefore insulin therapy is essential for the survival of the patient. It arises due to the loss of beta cell of the islets of Langerhans of the pancrease that are responsible for the production of insulin leading to reduction in insulin production. In some instances the term Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) can be used interchangeably with type I diabetes. Diabetes type I consists of almost 10% of all diabetic patients. Life adjustments programs including exercises and change of diet don't improve the condition because damage has already been caused.
Type II diabetes is also referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus often abbreviated as (NIDDM) it is often commonly reported in African Americans, Asian Americans and the aged populations. This type is often associated with obesity in this case the deposition of fat around the abdominal organs that are around the waste without subcutaneous fat make patients prone to development of insulin resistance. The onset of this condition is during adulthood and is characterized by hyperglycemia (increased blood glucose) as a result of low production of insulin from the pancrease and insulin resistance or overproduction of glucose for example during breakdown of glycogen. Insulin is important in the body as it enables the body to use the glucose obtained from diet to produce energy thus in most diabetic patients there is a general feeling of weakness due to lack of energy for the body. Lack of insulin can cause two main effects in the body first the body cells are starved of energy and secondly the increase in concentration of blood glucose may lead to damage of eyes and heart muscles. During insulin resistance the body cells do not respond to the presence of insulin in the blood. In a normal individual once food is taken in through the gut the macromolecules in the food are broken down by intestinal enzymes into small micro molecular units for example glucose that can be readily absorbed in the body. Diabetes is often as a result of lack of exercise and therefore in most cases associated with countries from the western or developed world. Normally type II diabetic patients are less prone to development of ketoacidosis however they are likely to develop non-ketoacidonic hypoglycemia which is quite dangerous. Type II diabetes can lead to organ damage an most notably the cardiovascular system.
Diabetes type II often remain unnoticed for several years because its conditions are commonly mild however its long-term effects may be lethal and therefore necessitating frequent clinical checkups to detect the disease at an early stage and most importantly is important to make sure that the body is maintained healthy by doing lots of exercise.
Analysis of the problem
Imran, a middle aged man of forty years who recently went for a medical checkup, was found to be diabetic. He was diagnosed of having non-insulin depended diabetes which is commonly referred to as type II diabetes. As a