StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Impact of the History of the Youth Justice System on Current Policy and Practice - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Impact of the History of the Youth Justice System on Current Policy and Practice

This number represents 20 percent of the 1.4 million offences committed in that year. These figures have been an alarming and the subject on the Youth Justice Systems remains to be in scrutiny by the eyes of many.

There was an escalation of youth offenders in the United Kingdom during the early 1990s. Thus, the Labour party reacted to the situation and produced the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 which created the Youth Justice Board (YJB) and Youth Offending Teams (YOT).

According to Pearson (1898), the general impression running through the pages of youth crimes was a riot of impunity, irresponsible parents, working mothers and lax discipline in schools, with magistrates and police believing themselves to be impotent before a rising tide of mischief and violence-particularly the recent serious increase in ruffianism among city youths."

It is this recent drive to administer justice locally that highlights the historical comparisons in the methods used to tackle youth offending. Whether it is local authorities issuing antisocial behaviour orders, community courts being created to administer penalties or police publicising the names and faces of young offenders, justice is increasingly administered closer to home (Hayes 2008).
The Youth Justice Board (YJB)
This is an executive non-departmental public body under the joint governance of the Ministry of Justice and the Department for Children, Schools and Families which aims is to prevent offending among under 18-years-old and it delivers this by setting standards and monitoring performance, promoting good practice and making grants available to local authorities and other bodies. The YJB also manages the juvenile secure estate including arranging placements for sentenced young people. TheYJB has set up a number of diversionary schemes to engage with young people, increase their knowledge and deter them from offending. (Youth Justice Board 2008)
This body established the Youth Justice System (Table 1) which serves as the system's summary and guide.
Table 1. Steps through the youth justice system

Youth Justice System
Persons Involved
Prevention



YOT, LEA,
Social Services, Police
Pre-court



Police,
YOT,
Local Authority
Court



Police,
YOT,
CPS


Police,
YOT, CPS,
Solicitor,
Youth Court


YOT,
Solicitor,
CPS,
Youth Court /
Crown Court


Youth Court /
Crown Court


YOT,
Custody
YOT = youth offending teams; LEA = local educating authority; CPS = crown prosecution service.
Source: Youth Justice System (2008)
The Cautioning Plus Project
Cautioning plus is defined as a form of cautioning-official warning by the police-which included voluntary participation by the young offender in a preventative programme. One component of the Youth Justice Board is the Cautioning Plus Project (Dawson 2001) which provides direct services, such as counselling, befriending, information, advocacy, holistic welfare, and early crisis intervention to challenge cycles of drug use and crime. With this project, there's a network among the youth offenders with a combined focus among these individuals.
Punishments
Based from ...Show more

Summary

In the Green Paper (2003) entitled Every child matters, the Former Chief Secretary to the Treasury Mr. Paul Boateng expressed that children are valuable beings and the world where they must learn to dwell in is one in which they will face hazards and obstacles alongside growing opportunities…
Author : hudson94
The Impact of the History of the Youth Justice System on Current Policy and Practice essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Impact of the History of the Youth Justice System on Current Policy and Practice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Strengths and/or weaknesses of the Australian Criminal Justice System
When all is said and done, the current criminal justice system is about as fair and effective as we can reasonably expect". Comment on this with reference to strengths and/or weaknesses of the Australian Criminal Justice System. The effectiveness of the Australian criminal justice system has been a debatable issue to or not to fulfill the reasonable aspirations of the people from it.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Youth Justice Policy
Youth justice policy in the recent years has undoubtedly gaining more and more momentum with new dynamics and thoughtful approaches. As the youth criminology at times overwhelms the country, it is impossible to rest on the past policies and has become absolutely important for government to continuously evolve better policies for the betterment of youth, and hence, the society.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Current Criminal Justice or Security Policy Issue
The NIJ project comprised of a four-part scheme, which scrutinized the Kevlar fabric, and whether the fabric could prevent a bullet, the needed number of layers of fabric required to stop a bullet, factors that could cause degradation of the armor, tests that could measure performance level of the vests and evaluations of the armor's wearability and efficiency.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Youth Justice System
Since young person are yet to discover their role and responsibility within their self and in the community dealing with their crime committed are much different from the adult criminals. The youth justice system are the one handling young people who committed crime and help young people to get out into danger of getting involved in it.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Youth Justice
Thus it is very important that the youth should be nurtured in a way that they can be developed as positive and constructive members of the society with more positive outlook about life and society as a whole. Considering the significance of the same, those youth who due to some reasons or other fall into the criminal activities or activities which can push them into the legal proceedings with the potential outcome of ending into jail, require special treatment from the society as a whole therefore those who deal with the youth justice need to have sound knowledge and ethical practical orientation in order to ensure that youth are properly rehabilitated and brought back to the society as co
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Restorative justice
Unfortunately, over the last 10 years the number of crimes committed by young people has much increased and there is an urgent need to review and reform the existing restorative practices in order to prevent further crime growth. The concluding section outlines the key points of restorative justice reform.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Punishment and Welfare in the Youth Justice System
The balance of punishment and welfare methods within the warnings and reprimands system is an ever adjusting scale of offering support, assistance, education and assuming that this will bring about more commitment to social values and norms, versus controlling and punishing, while still safeguarding elementary legal rights and common sense involving youth.
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
Implementation of effective youth justice practice
ice worker needs not only the basic expertise, technical competence and skills to guarantee that his/her responsibility to that end is aptly met but also the need to constantly upgrade such competence and skills. The Foundation Degree in Youth Justice Curriculum ensures that a
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
Implentation of effective youth justice practice
e field, but the technical competence and skills to guarantee that they can take responsibility for every situation, but also the need to constantly upgrade such competence and skills. The course in Youth Justice ensures that practitioners are afforded the appropriate and
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
When all is said and done, the current criminal justice system is about as fair and effective as we can reasonably expect. Comment on this with reference to strengths and/or weaknesses of the Australian Criminal Justice System
It is said against the criminal justice system that public at large is not satisfied how justice is performed by not conducting suitable processing of offenders. There,
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation