Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a method used for dividing the project into small work packages, activities, and tasks. It is used to organize projects into systems, subsystems, discrete blocks, or summary reporting levels (Wysocki et al., 2003, pp. 135)…
Some of its advantages are the following:
A typical construction project involves a WBS that evolves from an initial task that is successively subdivided into smaller work blocks until the lowest level is reached, indicating a tree-like structure. Subdividing the project breaks down the project work effort into packages that are both manageable and independent. It connotes that the lowest level of the package corresponds to the smallest project work, which requires the shortest completion time periods. As WBS shows the relationship of all elements of a project, a sound basis for cost and schedule control is provided.
Some lists of project activities involved in WBS include budgeting, cost allocation, time allocation and management, and quality assurance. These are being ensured in the process of work packages. A well-designed WBS often consists of software, hardware, services, data, and facilities (Zachman 1987).
Since WBS breaks down the work project into subdivisions in a tree-like structure, the classification format of work packages may include cost centre, fields for responsibility, activity numbering, and so on. A description of the tasks purported to be performed is generated for each element of the WBS, in which each task is diverse from the others.
Due to its being process-oriented, the WBS approach is convenient for activity definition, which is the starting step for project planning. ...
Due to its being process-oriented, the WBS approach is convenient for activity definition, which is the starting step for project planning. This phase involves several dimensions such as budget, cost, time, and quality, to name a few. A well-designed WBS enables it to easily assign each level of project activity to one terminal element of the structure. From its inception to a completed project, the period of a project's life involves cost estimating, budgeting, accounting, reporting, controlling, and auditing (Wysocki et al., 2003, pp. 137). Work packages involved in the WBS process should be defined in terms of construction methods, design, and completion requirements, which are to be accomplished according to performance dates (Pritchard 1999).
It provides a classification system for project work packages according to client needs.
A code designation as a means of identification and classification is assigned in each account of a contractor's accounting system, in which the most widely used cost codes are Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and Uniform Construction Index (UCI) (Zachman 1987). They keep the construction costs within the established budget as well as develop equipment and labor productivity information to estimate the cost of future work. Clearly, the client's budget allocation is reflected in determining a classification system for project work packages.
(Task: Let us say you are the manager of a new project to build a new supermarket. Create two WBS examples, one is done by Discipline, the second one is Phase.)
Using the Discipline of WBS
I am a manager of a new project to build a new supermarket, which in this paper is called Need Superstore. Developing a comprehensive WBS serves as the framework for the new supermarket project, ...
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g to the rapidly changing circumstances, sequencing the activities, adjusting the schedule in accordance with the unforeseen delays, running the cash flow, supervising the work, dealing with the stakeholders and delivering the end product to the client. Project management is important to the business world because it is fundamental to the success of project, and accordingly enlargement of the profitability of the project.
Its purpose is to serve as a long version of Project Initiation Document (PID) containing all required information for making a decision regarding the project. It as well serves the purpose of an active offer for managing the project The report is structured following the project life cycle stages with a clear identification and elaboration on the activities and outputs in each of the phases.
This requires the hiring of competent project managers who will conduct a good and successful project management. By definition, project management refers to the discipline of securing, planning, organizing and managing available resources with an aim of achieving a successful completion of a project and the attainment of its goals and objectives (Bjarne 2007).
Employees are encouraged to be innovative, but at the same time they are expected to show strong proof of progress achieved by them. However, not too much of time is provided for experimentation as the organization does not tolerate delays. The top management of this organization feels that if an employee can deliver 80%, he should be given the target of 160%.
This technique is called work breakdown structures (WBS). This paper will analyze this concept and provides a work breakdown structure for the LRH Products trade show project.
Work Breakdown Structures were developed
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They have relationship with various other organizations as well as individuals. In this part of the assignment those various relationships will be discussed and various factors affecting the performance of the project.
When a project is undertaken, various stakeholders need