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The need for nurses to keep continuously updated is a priority in health care today because of the increased pressure on health care providers to deliver high quality cost-effective care. Nurses must possess the necessary skills and expertise in order to provide this type of care…
Shifting demographic patterns have resulted in a growing number of elders who require acute and long-term care.. Consequently, informal caregivers have come to be viewed legitimately as nurse-extenders. Informal caregivers provide most of the nursing care to elderly in long-term care; improving the quality of that care requires an empirically-based understanding of the structures, processes, and outcomes of family and informal care giving as well as the ways in which nurses can work with informal caregivers and effect change within the care giving relationship There are several reasons why study of the processes of informal care giving is particularly appropriate for nurse-researchers. First, nursing is process and the ability of nurses to effect positive caregiving outcomes is related to how care is provided as much as to what is actually done. Second, most in-home care is done by lay caregivers who must be taught both what to do and how to do it. Thus, effecting positive outcomes for home-bound elders is possible only if care processes can be clearly identified and effectively taught to lay caregivers
The key messages from this review are that nurses in the community, working with local communities a ...
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