StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Tobacco Industry - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Tobacco Industry

This paper will examine the historical mechanisms through which the tobacco companies exercised their political influence, assess whether they influenced the public policy process legitimately, and discuss how this particular case study affects people generally.
As a preliminary matter, from an historical point of view, the tobacco industry has most certainly influenced the public policy process. Their general approach has been essentially twofold. First, the tobacco industry has relied for many decades on financial contributions made to political parties and to individual candidates and incumbents. These financial contributions were not made on the basis of any particular ideological affinity; indeed, until the election of the Clinton administration in the mid-1990s, the tobacco industry contributed roughly the same amount to both political parties. This changed, however when the Clinton administration began to highlight the public health issues involving tobacco. In short, financial contributions were used for many years to influence both parties; after Clinton took a harder stand against tobacco, the contributions continued but predominantly in favor of the Republican Party. These contributions were supplemented by financial contributions, made through political action committees,, to individual candidates and incumbents. In addition to these "soft money contributions", a second mechanism was the creation, funding, and support of lobbying groups with interests in line with those of the tobacco industry. As the case study notes, the tobacco industry, either of its own initiative or through its proxy, the Tobacco Institute, funded or supported advocacy groups, think tanks, and other research projects consistent with their economic and public policy aims. There was no particular concern for scientific integrity; quite the contrary, as the case study explains, the tobacco industry was most interested in partisan research that could be used to influence public policy in it is favor. In sum, these financial contributions and lobbying efforts formed the primary mechanisms by which the tobacco industry influenced public policy.
This influence was profound and remarkably successful; to be sure, the tobacco industry had never lost a product liability lawsuit until 1996, and governmental efforts to regulate tobacco had been fundamentally feeble. The question, in hindsight, is whether the tobacco industry influenced the public policy process in a legitimate manner. The answer must be, despite technical niceties, a resounding no. This is because the tobacco industry effectively corrupted the public policy process for its own ends rather than contributing to an honest public discussion. Politicians were afraid to lose their financial ...Show more

Summary

The sheer size and pervasive reach of the tobacco industry rendered it very difficult to regulate or reason with in the latter half of the twentieth century. Tobacco users ranged from nearly half of the American population in the 1950s to more than a quarter of the population in 1997; nearly seven hundred thousand Americans were employed by the tobacco industry; substantial exports contributed positively to trade balance concerns; more than thirteen billion dollars were generated in the form of local, state, and federal taxes; and, finally, it has been estimated that the tobacco industry has contributed more than fifty-five billion dollars to America's gross domestic product (444-445)…
Author : hesselvesta
The Tobacco Industry essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Tobacco Industry"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Corporate Responsibility and Sustainable development : Tobacco industry
This is to meet the requirements of the present generation as well as ensuring that there is compromising with regards to the abilities of the generations to come. Organisations have been increasingly called upon for taking up additional responsibilities for the way their operations are having an impact on the society and its natural environment (D’Amato, Henderson & Florence, 2009, p.1).
20 pages (5000 words) Essay
By using corporate social responsibility (CSR) the tobacco industry is seeking to change their unethical public image. Evaluate
Insert Name Insert Grade Course Insert Tutor’s Name 19 May 2012 The tobacco industry has consistently increased its corporate social responsibility presence in the society as a public relations exercise. This is with the intention of negating the ills of its operations on the society.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Current Trends in the Tobacco Industry
These competitors are Altadis, plc and Reynolds American Inc. and Altria (Phillip Morris). With such a competitive nature of the market and all of the players fighting with many different brands, several issues come into force for the competitors. The most concerning trend that is found in today's tobacco industry is the harm caused by cigarettes.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
The Tobacco Industry Essay
Although innumerable people are associated with this industry but the fact remains that there are several strings attached to this entire process of tobacco cultivation. Not only can you find people facing several health issues but other problems are also associated with it.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Tobacco Marketing
In the absence of laws to restrict tobacco advertising directed at children, the industry has not scrupled to take advantage of this large and vulnerable potential market. And the results have been deadly. Since the early 1990s incidence and mortality rates for all types of cancer have slowly been falling - except for lung cancer in both men and women.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Potential Impact of Retail Sales and Personal Income Forecasts on Tobacco Industry
However, the targeting of specific commodities for different taxation treatment violates the neutrality principal of taxation by targeting certain products, and since cigarettes, like lottery tickets which are also heavily taxed, are disproportionately purchased by lower- and middle-income consumers (Talking taxes: Policy brief #9, 2005), these taxes are considered regressive.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Corporate Responsibility and Sustainable development : Tobacco industry
ngly called upon for taking up additional responsibilities for the way their operations are having an impact on the society and its natural environment (D’Amato, Henderson & Florence, 2009, p.1). Most of the large enterprises today are seen to attribute the virtues of the
20 pages (5000 words) Essay
Environment for the cigarette and tobacco industry
In the case of cigarette and tobacco industry, the decline of its environment could be due to increase health awareness of the people. One could illustrate this point by the developing market for dietary supplements and even dynamic promotions of healthy lifestyle. Not
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Smoking Tobacco
This article takes into account statistical developments over a long period. Most importantly, Parker considers the distribution of smoking behaviors within and across different
1 pages (250 words) Essay
The fast food industry should be regulated in a similar manner to the tobacco industry
They are also readily available, more convenient and quite cheap. Fast food intake leads to obesity, irregular weight gain and increased risks of insulin resistance in the body among other health conditions. Due
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation