At least two million children have died in last decade as a result of wars waged by adults; many targeted as non-combatants or killed in action as soldiers. And three times that number were injured and disabled [1, page 1].
Carol in [1, page 2] discusses how the last decade (90s period has witnessed development of new laws and UN backing the cause to immune children from the ills of wars and conflicts. Irrespective of the winners of war, damage is inevitable to both sides in terms of destruction and civilian killings. She also lays importance on the education factor and its importance in reviving (and in less effect quarantine) children from wars blow.
Ethnic conflicts witnessed recently (middle east Palestine-Israel border and Afghanistan etc) and still going on in mainly parts of Africa has seen local militia enrolling brain washed children with weapons and ready to fight like a hero in the eyes of local public. In Children and War, J Pearn gives thorough insight into the "changes" that are brought into the lives of children who experience the conflicts and wars. First of all, there are injuries and even loss of body parts (mainly limbs, due to lad mine explosions, and shooting & shelling that goes on in their neighborhood). It is a common noticeable fact that elderly people and small children have relatively weak immune system, hence they cant cope up with fatal injuries and post traumatic shock in post war scenario. Children age group between 8-18 years is a growing body and mind.
Early life experiences and situations are etched in human minds for a long time and help in developing our personalities and attitudes toward life. Since the only thing that war torn areas notice is violence and blood and anger, these expressions are imprinted deep inside the psyche of small children who on growing up into adults are diagnosed with nightmares and shock moments from sleep late at night. Their perspective, through which they see and understand the world, shifts its origin to a point where they can not find peace and are always at war with themselves.
Secondly, there is the pain of losing the close relative and/or parents to the hands of war. Turned orphans, their susceptibility towards becoming vulnerable to the approaches of ethnic groups becomes all the more probable. Losing a father or mother or both spells a traumatic effect on children of such tender age. Because children do not write, while they are children, about their traumatic experiences, it is easy to overlook the immediate effects of war on them. We catch occasional glimpses of these effects through the eyes of children in such works as the 'Diary of Ann Frank', or in the published diaries of a 13-year-old girl who survived the atrocities (1990-1993) of the Serbian-Bosnian-Croatian War [2, page 4]. Hence the
Throughout human existence, war has been the key entry into the log book of our history on this planet. Wars have been waged through ancient century's right into the present millennium. Students of history recognize, tragically, that war is the norm [2, page 1]…
Child Abuse: Prevalence and Policies in the United Kingdom “With the acknowledgement that child abuse is a social problem, there have been increasing demands for information about its prevalence. However the definition of child abuse is a social construction and therefore statistical data are bound to be elusive and contradictory” -- -- Ryder, Duncan and Gray (1993) Introduction J.F.
Among these many groups the vulnerability of children gets compounded owing to their cognitive inability to understand their own victimization and insufficient safeguards to prevent the violation of child rights. Child labor is one of the chief social problems that our society faces in contemporary times.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Mozambique has witnessed countless atrocities ranging from the civil war to politically instigated rebellious movements. The prolonged instability in the political environment has caused social instability resulting in displacement of people, abuse and ignorance of citizen rights, language confusion, starvation, disease, and natural disasters.
More specifically, this research is significant in the sense it will evaluate how members are doing in order to implement these regulations and whether these regulations have been successful in achieving the desired objectives. This research will therefore add in more value in evaluating as to whether the existing regulations can actually provide necessary infrastructure and environment to the member States to deal with the issue of Child exploitation.
Another shape of the new wars, other than domestic conflicts, is transnational terrorism, and the war on terrorism fighting against it. Conflict in developing countries, since the end of the cold war, has caused millions of civilian lives and thousands of people are displaced (The legal nature of wars, 2004).
In most cases, human trafficking is associated with sexual exploitation especially when it involves young girls. In Nepal, most young girls who are trafficked and end up in brothels where they face sexual