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Many Americans look back on the 1950's with nostalgia and see it as America at its best, the norm to which we should strive to return. What characterized Ameri - Essay Example

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Many Americans look back on the 1950's with nostalgia and see it as America at its best, the norm to which we should strive to return. What characterized Ameri

rights spokesmen and their allies in the press had become disillusioned with armed forces

reform. Benjamin O. Davis, still the Army's senior black officer and still after eight years

a brigadier general, called the army's senior staff attention to the shift in attitude. Davis

grew restless and impatient. He wanted the army staff to give definite expression of the

desire of the Department of National Defense for the elimination of all forms of

discrimination - segregation from the armed forces(BOD)

In February 1948 the Chief of Information tried to couner criticism by asking

personnel and administrative officials to collect favorable opinions from prominent

civilians "particularly negroes and sociologists". But this attitude to public criticism

failed because as the deputy personnel director had to admit "the division does not have

knowledge of any expressed favorable opinion wither of individuals or organizations, in

reference to our Negro policy"(CINFO)

This was a constant concern because it marred the armed forces public image,

segregation also had a profound effect on the African American civilian population. The

effect was difficult to measure but nevertheless real and has been the subject of

considerable study by social scientists(Ginzberg). Their opinions are obviously open to

debate, and in fact most of them were not fully formulated during the period under

3




discussion. Yet their conclusions, based on modern sociological techniques, clearly

reveal the pain and turmoil suffered by the African American soldiers because of racial

separation. Rarely did the...
Memo, Brig. Gen. B. O. Davis, Sp Asst to SA, for under SA, 7 Jan 1948, Sub: Negro Utilization in the Post War Army, WSGPA 291.2; ibid, 24 November 24, 1947 both in SA files. The quotations are from the latter document. ...Show more

Summary

For a detailed discussion of this point, see Mandelbaum, Soldier Groups and Negro Soldiers, Stouffer et al., The American Soldier: Adjustment during Army Life, ch XII; Eli Ginzberg, The Negro Potential ( New York Columbia University Press 1956), Ginzberg et al., the ineffective soldier, vol III, Patterns of Performance ( New York Columbia University Press, 1959): To Secure these Rights (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947) Dollard and Young, In the Armed Forces.
Author : schulistdeontae
Many Americans look back on the 1950s with nostalgia and see it as America at its best, the norm to which we should strive to return. What characterized Ameri essay example
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