rsonal relation by the racist assumptions and psycho-pathology inherent on colonial imperialism."
Although Forster has maintained that "Passage" has nothing to do with politics and is less related to the incompatible interface of East and West than it is with the problem of living in the world, the novel does tackle issues such as colonialism, racism, nationalism, and rape. Therefore, much of the novel's critical analysis centers on political and social themes. A major concern of A Passage to India is the cultural conflict between imperial British and native Indians associating with the public and personal disorder caused by the unscrambling practice of occupation and control. Where a pre-Conrad novel might support men eager to renounce the comforts of home to change pagans or to build new ways toward riches and colonization, Forster, instead, mocks the distressing haughtiness of such an idea showing how such stupidity cannot be continued.
Even Adela, who comes to India with clean intentions, falls slowly from her higher principle to look for the “real India” into the flock attitude of people like her fiancé Ronny and the other British colonialists, the members of the whites-only Club. In the novel’s opening pages, we thus hear the native Indians talk about the habitual “disillusionment,” by stating, “They all become exactly the same, not worse, not better…And I give any Englishwoman six months” ( page7). Indeed, it takes only a a few months for Adela to fall into a wobbly fog between truth and delusion, her ears weighed down by a persistent echo that she hardly notices the flattering concern of the other whites when she returns from the Marabar Caves with an unfounded charge against Aziz. In the second chapter, Dr. Aziz, Mahmoud Ali and Hamidullah discuss "whether or not it is possible to be friends with an Englishman,"(page 33) soon after which, Dr. Aziz make friends with two Englishwomen and the Anglo-Indian Principal at the College, Mr. Fielding. But most critics tend to overlook the individual relationships and talk about the novel with respect to its portrayal of Anglo-Indian colonial society. Debate still continues whether A Passage to India is critical of colonialism, many critics agreeing that the novel does condemn the fixed excuses for British dominance, but considerable points can also be made that Forster's effort to symbolize India connect him in the "muddle" (which for Fielding, Forster's main representative in the novel, represents India) of imperial power(Lilburn, 1998.). Of course, Forster makes cautious difference in his use of the word "muddle" as against "mystery" in A Passage to India, "Muddle" having the undertone of risky chaos, whereas "mystery" insinuating a magical, methodical plan by a supernatural force, characters like Mrs. Moore and Godbole viewing India as a mystery. The muddle that India stands for seems to work from the very indistinct landscape of the country and its plants and