Literature Review - The use of telephony in the daily activities is continuously increased. Moreover, as the demands of the customers change telephone services have also to be developed in order to meet the requirements set by the consumers. Toll fraud/abuse is considered as theft…
To date there are very few routes in the Internet that support fully ATM-based backbone transmission, fast routers, QoS (Quality of Service) services and/or un-congested bandwidth resources. Yet VOIP is already being used. VOIP can be viewed as an opportunistic parasite on the existing telephone system. This view will be further borne out as we examine other opportunities that have been seized by VOIP vendors.
Circuit systems are not well suited for packetised data communications of the type that is generated by Internet services such as Web page retrieval. That is because a circuit-based network is not well suited for exchanges between rapidly changing endpoints. A fundamental limitation of a circuit-based network is that each user can connect to only one endpoint at a time. That is, by arrangement with the central office (by dialling a telephone number) the switch will be programmed to move every package of data you send from your conveyor belt to one other outgoing conveyor belt. There is no mechanism in this situation for individual packages to receive special treatment!
Project Specification - Telephone or mobile is a technology that almost everyone uses in the home, at work or on the move. Traditionally, telephone is a simple one-to-one or one to many communication technology but it is now offered with enhancements that include video, chat, file passing and file sharing where suppliers are attempting to present a complete communication environment over mobile or landline. Due to his there is always a chance of misuse of communication via toll fraud.
Toll fraud might be combated in several ways: user training, detection schemes, regular monitoring of internal extensions and issuing a personal authorization code for every employee according to the requirement and only then any long distance call be matured. Sending bills regularly to the employee and ensuring payment for the calls made for personal use.
Intention - Educates on toll fraud and helps in its prevention.
Project Title - Toll Fraud -Preventive Measures
Project Topic Area Overview - Toll fraud and long distance calls abuse are the unauthenticated or illegal use of long distance telephone services offered by the legitimate companies. "They include not only those who steal authorization codes and use or sell them to others, but also any University employee who uses the University's long distance system for purposes other than official business" (ITS, 2006). It is against the rules and regulations of any legitimate telecom company to charge personal telephone calls to a company or some University account either by illegally using company's or University telephone authorization codes and company's or University credit cards. Their corresponding employers strictly subject this kind of unauthorized use of company's or University telephone system for toll calls to legal and disciplinary action. "Protect your company's internal telephone directory. Restrict use to employees only. Adopt strict distribution controls and penalties for failure to comply with the privacy requirements of your company. When finished with the directories, have them shredded" (Times Warner Telecom, 2006).
According to Chen (2006) modern telephone system is "a newly defined protocol which supports all users but also is compatible with the current technology; ...
Cite this document
(“Literature Review & Project Specification Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/283021-literature-review-project-specification
recruitment) and technological innovation (Krouse 1997). Generally, the prevalent use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been related to several adjustments in internal organizational processes, like recruitment practices, required employee competencies, job design, organizational structure, and others, focusing on enhancing flexibility.
Its purpose is to serve as a long version of Project Initiation Document (PID) containing all required information for making a decision regarding the project. It as well serves the purpose of an active offer for managing the project The report is structured following the project life cycle stages with a clear identification and elaboration on the activities and outputs in each of the phases.
The task is complicated by the nature of the factors involved - some of which are quantitative (such as billing rate), and others qualitative (for example, developer skills, experience, cultural differences and means of collaboration). Many Organizations jump into Outsourcing with a singular objective of cost reduction, while not giving substantial thoughts to other options and long term alternates.
In addition, these provide customers with product information and interactive features that improves the overall image of the company in customers' minds.
Kiosks are available in various types and for various purposes. Ranging from a simple cash register to a complex and integrated ATM (Automated Teller Machine), kiosks are believed to improve customer relationships, reduce headcounts for manual/ traditional operations, to take benefit of technology boom, to achieve accuracy and efficiency in operations and to improve customers' perception about the company by providing various marketing and product/ services information on the kiosk terminals.
lift would be using periodically repeated cycles, with accumulated liquid columns (neutralizing ions in this case) would be physically displaced to the surface by the high pressure lift gas injected below them. During the intermittent period, well fluids will be allowed to
Some methods have indeed been more effective than others in terms of efficiency and cost. This paper shall discuss the therapist-driven protocol for respiratory therapists. It shall present studies related to the subject matter and assess such studies in
In modern days the empires are replaced by states or countries and the rulers are replaced by political parties. Consequently government is supposed to take care of the welfare of the people residing within the regions controlled by the
In the event that employees chose to remain silent to is difficult to know what they want. As a result, it is not so hard to note most of them behaving or reacting in ways that show they are reactive. Though
Their study identified that that age is a major factor that affects he levels of suggestibility in a person. They specifically investigated the effect of suggestibility in young children and identified that for young children, the younger the