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Management in Context - Essay Example

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Management in Context

MFP's typically relate to low rates of inflation ,prudent government spending, high rates of investment and a healthy trend of market liberalisation. The Post World War II approach of the BWI's was based upon a much smaller role for the state following the era of the large-scale globalisation (so characteristic of the post cold war years) This was largely a response to the state controlled economy' of the USSR which turned out to be an economic and political disaster.
Globalization is a term which has been used to describe and explain many different phenomena like greater economic integration across national borders.The concept is supported by those who agree with its trade and economic benefits yet those who criticise it believe that those who perceive it as a threat to social cohesion and an invasion of the "capitalist evils of the west" thus undermining state welfare.As at today the term denotes a kaleidoscopic image, a great variety of tendencies and trends in the economic, social and cultural spheres. In brief it can be used to described from an economic and developmental point of view as ,
"increasing and intensified flows between countries of goods, services, capital, ideas, information and people, which produce cross-border integration of a number of economic, social and cultural activities. It creates both opportunities and costs and for this reason it should not be demonized nor sanctified, nor should it be used as a scapegoat for the major problems that are affecting the world today. (Williamson, 2002 cited in Cooper 2005 pg 15)

In the light of the above there has been a rapid growth in the Multinational Corporations trying to reap the benefits of Foreign Direct Investment with in foreign legions where the costs of labour etc are far less.This has also been enhanced by the role of the modern state in economic intergration and the elaboration and adoption of market-oriented policies and regulations,internationally and locally.During the 1980s this integration intensified and there was an increase in
"financial sector deregulation, the removal of controls over foreign exchange and enhanced freedom of trade. Financial deregulation has resulted in the progressive elimination of capital controls, the removal of controls over interest rates, and the lifting of traditional barriers to entry into banking and other financial services"( Vincent, 1995)

Academics have expressed a lot of scepticism over the fact whether Globalisation of Investments and the growth of MNCs (Multinational Corporations) has been meaningful to the contribution to domestic growth .According to Froot (1993) Globalisation does not actually require neither capital flows nor investment in capacity but is a mere extension of corporate control over international boundaries: Therefore the recent ability of Globalisation to ...Show more

Summary

Globalization can be a powerful and dynamic force for growth and development. If it is properly managed, the foundations for enduring and equitable growth at the international level can be laid. For that, it is essential to persevere in the search for consensual solutions through open and direct dialogue that takes account of the fundamental interests of all" (UNCTAD, 2000)
Author : wbrekke
Management in Context essay example
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