So, if a business company decides to modernize, interested community of people who are apt to get a job in the same company must gain the formal education as a credential fit for the jobs available. Conversely, some ideological link may hamper a society to adapt fully to innovations. For example, the use of internet has limitations to some sectors because of religious convictions in terms of moral standards. But, most schools today encourage students to utilize information technology to help them facilitate learning. As in the past, educational institutions were exclusive, either for whites only or for blacks only. Today, most schools no longer recognize race and color. (479-481)
3. Switch over of ideas, barter of technologies, and exchange of people, allows the flow of knowledge, technology, and people into many varied directions bringing about awareness, education and eventual social change after people realize the benefits of what had just been learned. (482)
4. Crowds are swarm of people gathered in a milieu as commonplace bystanders, usual spectators, but, can also be active partakers as in theatrical presentations, and expressive participants as in religious rites. This throng of people does not necessarily interact for deeper interpersonal relationships. Conversely, all these kinds of crowds taken together compose the aggregate group.
5. Bell-bottom blue-jeans were actually in for sometimes, replacing tight-fitting cowboy look. Living in one's own home also became a fad because in economics reality, it is not categorized as consumption, but, an investment which most people did not understand, but went with the crowd because it was the style.
6. Universally, people panic upon hearing news of an upcoming danger to human properties and lives like storm, fire, volcanic eruptions, war, foreclosures, bankruptcies, outbreak of infectious diseases etc. which are all beyond normal living conditions, and this is the usual reaction of an active kind of crowd. (484)
7. Leaders in social movements are the polarizing factors. They are usually persuasive and fluent at crafting a united stand, and clever at convincing people to supply time, money, place, etc, for the cause. (Chapter 18 491)
8. Relative deprivation theory means that the deficiency in life of people within a society is calculated from end to end evaluation of similarities and differences of lives and living conditions within the same society (Chapter 18 490). But, apparently, not every member of social movements is motivated by the same mental attitude because of individual differences which may be contributed by family backgrounds, education, and social exposures.
9. Reactionary social movements cling to what went before the present generation. They may be called the traditionalists who intend to keep white supremacy over everything considering the applicability of old cultural beliefs and idiosyncrasy. Conversely, the conservative social movements intend to preserve the current practices and strive to resists growth and developments (Chapter 18 491).
10. Arrays of civil rights movements come and go. Usually, they start conglomerating because of a prevailing problem which does not have a solution in sight. Then they band together and elect a polarizing individual to solidify their stand on the perceived