Thus the US Homeland Security Department, created a special project called FIRESCOPE. The chief product emanating from the FIRESCOPE was the Incident Command System.
The ICS came into being because of the long felt dearth and a vacuum of an organized leadership during the heat of crisis. It was observed that often during fire-fighting or other emergencies, there had usually been a complete mess rather a shemozzle because of lack of leadership especially when more than one responder were called in to fight the disaster at a common site of incident. Thus to address the issue of the lack of effective leadership or absence of an absolute commander, creating chaos and confusion, the ICS was developed. (Cardwell, Michael, 1994, n.p.)
Primarily established for fire-responding, the ICS has emerged as a multidimensional system for immediate and instant dealing with all kinds of disasters and eventualities. Among the various management concepts greatly contributing to the success of the ICS include: