"Jim's moral sense is clearly outraged by his actions (Panichas 15)." He suffers from "idyllic imagination", he is haunted by chimeras and pursuit of illusions. Panichas (2000) describes Jim's story as a painful process of learning the pitfalls of his imagination and his attempts to free himself from its bondage. In a vivid way, Conrad uses Jim to illustrate the moral quest for self-discovery and recovery of the moral mistakes. Jim wants to determine what his soul is, what is happening to him and whether he will emerge from the "heart of darkness" (Panichas 15). He is in perpetual, spiritual and moral search, examining how a moment of weakness can turn into a repulsive sin and how one can start hating himself for what he did.
"Despite the circumstances of his moral incompleteness, Jim both possesses and enacts the quality of endurance in facing the darkness in himself and in the world around him (Panichas 30)." Jim's character is problematic, because it questions the scale of human values and to what extent they are romanticized.