In addition, you can use these ratios to compare the performance of your company against that of your competitors or other members of your industry. (Alex Auerbach)
When you take profit before tax or interest (EBIT) and divide it by the difference between total assets and current liabilities, you can get a financial ratio known as return on capital employed ratio or ROCE. It is a ratio that shows the company's capital investments' profitability and efficiency. The ROCE ratio is a measure of how well a company is using capital to generate income. A high ROCE is a sign or a successful growth company and indicates that a larger mass of proceeds can be reinvested to gain more profit. However; one year ROCE evaluation should not be the basis for reinvesting. Investors should look closely on the trend over several years to have consistency. A sudden decline in ROCE signals a loss of competitive advantage.
Asset Turnover Ratio specifies the connection between assets and revenue (Revenue/Total assets). It gauges a company's efficiency in using its resources in making sales. A higher asset Turnover is better. It also specifies pricing strategy: companies with low profit margins are inclined to have high asset turnover, whereas those with high profit margins tend to have low asset turnover. This ratio is important to settle on the amount of sales that are produced from each dollar of assets.
Return on Sales or Profit Margin
To evaluate a company's operational efficiency, return on sales ratio is used. ROS is also recognized as a company's "operating profit margin". It is calculated using this formula: Net Income before interest and tax divided by sales. Investopedia says "This measure is helpful to management, providing insight into how much profit is being produced per dollar of sales. As with many ratios, it is best to compare a company's ROS over time to look for trends, and compare it to other companies in the industry. An increasing ROS indicates the company is growing more efficient, while a decreasing ROS could signal looming financial troubles."
Answer to Question 2.2
The best way to show how these financial ratios are interpreted is to give sample computations and financial analysis. Let us take the data from Medquip Ltd. (Details attached).
ROCE Calculation for Medquip Ltd for March, 200