In fact, it is not only the physical manifestation of gay spaces that impacts the overall makeup of an urban location, but more importantly, the people and their culture which leaves the indelible mark on in the cityscapes of leading countries.
This paper is important because it seeks to identify and understand the factors and forces which contributed to the formation and establishment of gay urban spaces. This paper is important because it takes into consideration the historical experience of gays and the gay community, and the social transformations which influenced the growth of gay urban areas. This paper intends to identify the social and economic reasons which contributed to the existence of gay urban spaces. It aims to identify the factors which led gay individuals to organize themselves and create distinctive territories. The paper will also identify the criteria by which gays and lesbians choose locations where they establish gay spaces. The paper also explores gay space itself, its definition, its elements, its relationship to the larger urban area, the reasons why they are mostly located in urban instead of rural regions, and the urban elements which make gay spaces thrive.
Gays and lesbians have always been treated badly by most communities. They have been ostracized by family and friends, and even persecuted by the communities where they live. The hostilities they experienced often lead them to take on low profile lifestyles. They hope that this would not attract attention, that they would be left alone and thus prevent hostile behavior towards from happening. In Asia, gays and lesbians who community experience hostility turn to the gay scene for help. These serve as support groups which help gay individuals come out. They also provide environments in which specific problems of sectors within the gay community are addressed. Being gay is not the only problem. For many, the issue of racism is also part of the hostility that they experience. An article by Richard Smith (1995) quoted David McAlmont' s observation that, "racism's rife in the gay community. Going into bars with a white person and buying drinks and watching your change handed back to the white person you're with. Queens that say they don't sleep with black people. White men who are exclusively into black men. It rears its ugly head all the time."
These are among the factors which caused the establishment of gay villages, gay ghettos, gay enclaves or gay districts. Gays individuals felt the need to address their specific problems, being able to do so only when gay communities faced these problems as a whole. Gay communities serve as venues for the resolution of problems, conflicts and issues. Through the establishment of enclaves and spaces, individuals come together to create a community where they belong. These communities provide expression to their innermost feelings and thoughts. Mostly located in urban settings where large populations of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transsexual persons reside, these locations usually feature a number of gay-oriented establishments such as gay bars, pubs, nightclubs, bathhouses, restaurants and bookstores.
Increasing liberalism is another reason for the