Nationality is therefore defined in terms of place of birth while citizenship is defined in terms of the rights that have been acquired that enables one to participated in the decision making process of the nation. Citizenship can be acquired and at the same time it can be lost. Therefore it can be defined as when a citizen is legally allowed to live in a country. (Pike 2000, p. 82)
It has been shown the principle of citizenship arose from the concept of creation of social orders. The concept of citizenship can be traced to have been developing from the Greek civilization when there were efforts to define what could be considered as national citizenship and global citizenship. If we take a close look at the Marshall's work on successive emergence of civil, political and society right in citizenship, there is a clear evidence that citizenship arose from the need to have social order. In this definition we will find the citizenship has been used as a market of membership in the polities raging from the pre-modern city states and empires to the current status of global citizenship that has been well applied all over the world. (Heater 2004, p. 42)
The concept of citizenship can be traced to many years ago when there were efforts by ...
Though it was by then limited to only the state, it has been expanding to include the view of global citizenship. But there were also efforts by the Greek philosophers to try and define the concept of global citizenship. For example Greek Cynic philosopher Diogenes replied many people that he was a citizen of the world. There have been many philosophers since then who have expressed that their citizenship belongs to the world.
Implication and application of the citizenship
Citizenships has bee applied well in the modern societies. It has been used to define membership to a nation. In this case it has been successfully used to define citizens and outsiders or foreigners. Citizenship has been used to define who belongs to nation and those who doesn't belong. Those who are considered as citizens are given the rights to vote in that particular nation while those who are not citizens though living in a nation are not allowed to vote. Therefore it has been used to define political rights that are given to individuals.
Citizenship has become one of the most controversial issues in the modern world. There have been conflicts of foreigners living in a nation and the issue of immigrants and their status has not escaped the world either. Citizenship has implied to mean the actual number of those who legally allowed participation in the affairs of a country.
Cosmopolitan and communitarian view
In the view of cosmopolitan's paradigm, cosmopolitan citizenship is defined in terms of freedom. In this case it is seen as way in which the capacity of individual to look into the possibility of personal choice within the social system is considered as the ultimate object that
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Citizenship has been described as membership or sense of belonging to a society, community, a city or a town and has been expanded to include a country and the globe in general. Citizenship is that membership that grants an individual the right to participate in the political activities of that particular entity…
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