It is high time to introduce punitive laws which may protect us from polluting the atmosphere. It is also time to plant as many trees as possible in order to restore the damage done to the atmosphere.
Third World Countries and the developing countries sacrifice environmental protection and all related provisions for the sake of infrastructure and manufacturing build up and growth of the national gross domestic product. It is obvious, though, that atmospheric pollution (which is synonymously referred to as air pollution) is not a matter of domestic concern only, because it has no official boundaries and contributes to general worsening of global ecological situation.
Global warming is widely discussed nowadays in all areas of human activity and on all levels of government, because ozone layer depletion and greenhouse effect are both direct consequences of chemical emissions in the atmosphere. It may seem at the first sight that human factor is determinative and the only one responsible for current atmospheric pollution; in fact, both natural and man-made sources contribute to air pollution. However, no one will deny that humanity produced a devastating effect on all natural resources due to increased levels of their consumption and exploitation. In order to decrease atmospheric pollution and to guarantee future effectiveness and stability of this reduction, it is necessary to implement specific mitigation strategies.
This research paper aims at the description of the notion of global warming and of the way it may affect life on the planet. The possible solutions of the problem (within the limits of mitigation plan) are to be suggested, supported by the analysis of the mitigation strategies that are now in action on both global and national levels.
2. Global Warming- A Global menacw
The amount of atmospheric pollution people produce is too high, thus, it is necessary to apply effective measures to minimize the negative ecological outcome that industrialized society is to blame for. There are several sources of air pollution, however the most powerful and directly linked to human activity are fuel combustion (cars) and industrial emissions. Automobiles' exhaust gases constitute a large portion of the overall global atmospheric pollution. As far as the developed countries are concerned, vehicles emit more pollutants in the atmosphere if compared with industry. "On a global scale, cars emit about 300 million tones of toxic exhaust gases into the atmosphere each year" (Climate in Cities: Fuel Combustion During Energy Production and Transportation 2009).
The exhaust gases produced by vehicles' petrol engines contain many pollutants, such as nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, and a certain amount of solid particles. Nitric oxide is responsible for the growth of so called petrochemical fogs that result from the gasoline exhaust gases exposure to sunlight. In particular, ozone, as the product of petrochemical reactions, emerges as a result of nitric oxide or nitrogen dioxide exposure to sunlight. For the larger part of the twentieth century vehicles burnt fossil fuels with comparatively high concentration of