StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Contingency Theories of Leadership - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Contingency Theories of Leadership

Fiedler's contingency theory states that the manner in which a leader can be effective is dependent on what he calls as 'situational contingency', or the resultant product arising out of the interspatiality or interaction of leadership style and situational favourableness (or situational control).
Fiedler holds that in situations of extreme importance, as during floods, tsunamis, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, a task-orientated style of leadership would be more beneficial than a considerate (relationship-orientated) style. This is so, as because in such an uncertain situation the leader-member relations get strained, due to fear or anxiety, the task becomes haphazard or unstructured, and the subject position of power becomes weak. In such a situation, the task-orientated leader who gets things accomplished proves to be the most successful. On the other hand, Fiedler emphasises that the considerate style of leadership is appropriate when the leader-member relations are good, the task is unstructured, and the locus of power is weak. ...
For instance, there is some doubt whether the LPC is a true measure of leadership style.

In 1986, Fiedler proposed another contingency model. This was called the Cognitive Resource Theory and attempted to analyse the conditions whereby intelligence, experience, and expertise are predictive indicators of leadership effectiveness. Fiedler stated that the effects of cognitive resources shall be significant only when the leader is able to be direct, when he/ she suffers from little stress, and when the leader has some unique expertise that cannot be performed by other subordinates. The theory formulates the idea that in low-stress situations, the intelligence of the leader has a great impact on the effectivity of the workers, and in high-stress conditions, the leader's expertise gets important. Interestingly, this assumption is not supported by Fiedler's research.
An participatory discourse of the contingency theory is Vroom and Yetton's concept of Normative decision theory. Going by this variation, effectiveness of a decision procedure in an organisation is dependent upon various parts of a situation. It emphasises on the significance of the decision quality and acceptance by the people. What is interestingly is the fact that it values the criteria such as the amount of relevant information possessed by the leader and subordinates; under what circumstances would the subordinates accept a decision or try and co-operate in following a decision and the amount of disagreement among subordinates with respect to their preferred alternatives. This variation is definitely preferred over Fiedler's assumptions simple because it takes into account a thorough circumference of problems that the idea of decision making may face. The sheer flexibility, at times ...Show more

Summary

The Contingency theories of leadership emphasises on certain factors connected to the environment that might help in determining which particular style of leadership would be best suited for a particular situation. The theory rests on the twin principles of ideologies that there cannot be a uniform code of leadership style nor can there be a definite leadership mantra that guarantees success at all levels…
Author : yundtdanielle
Contingency Theories of Leadership essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Contingency Theories of Leadership"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Limitations of Contingency Leadership Theories
According to a recent study, contingency theory is one which is able to offer a competitive approach to those that are in the environment. This is based on the study of a strategy structure performance and resource based view.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Leadership theory and practice
As such, this essay seeks to evaluate the significance of leadership especially in response to a challenging scenario. The essay starts by explaining the similarities and differences between the Ohio and Michigan studies on behavioral leadership and how contingency theories of leadership have developed from these studies.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Transformational leadership,
Various authors have suggested that different theories in leadership such as trait theories, behavioural as well as contingency theories have been developed to explain the impact of leadership styles on the performance of the organisation as a whole. However, recent studies have shown that transformational leadership is more ideal during the contemporary period since it is adaptive to change.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Leadership
This paper will focus on leadership, how the different t cultural theories of leadership help develop effective leadership in organizations. Also, it will focus on leadership programs and compare their practical application to theory. In simple words, leadership is the ability to direct a group towards the accomplishment of goals.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Situational and Contingency Theories
In the context of nursing both Situational and Contingency, theories are implemented. However, these can affect the future of nursing particularly in the context of emergency or disaster planning in a hospital. (Maier, 2001) Contingency theories can be enumerated, as a part of the fundamental behavioral theory with states that each situation demands a different form of leadership quality therefore there can be no fixed definition of leadership.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Research Proposal on contingency leadership theories
Knowledge is fragmented and disorganized. No empirical evidence is available on how cognitive resources such as intelligence and experience are related to group performance. Hence the objective of the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Contingency Perspective Of Leadership
This paper aims to provide a more logical and less rigid perspective of leadership in the context of business environment. The leadership approach that is being discussed in this brief paper is ‘the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Contingency Theory of Leadership/Empowerment
se it considers success to be controlled by a whole range of variables that include but are not limited to the qualities of followers, the style of leadership and different aspects of the situation. The most prominent situations affecting leadership from the Industrial Age to
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Principles and Practices of leadership and management
Therefore, contingency can be taken to imply that one effective leadership depends on the appropriate fit between the leader’s behavior, style and conditions in the situation in question. It is evident that a style that may work in a situation could be
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Leadership and management mean different things to different people
Leadership entails the social influence process where a person acquires the aid and support from others so as to effectively accomplish common goals or tasks. People have different understanding of leaders. Some explain a leader
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation