Color is not a factor in judging someone. I strongly insist to use the coined term in the essay "badge of color". It shows great insult. It tends to discriminate one race from the other just because of his color. I do not believe that a person's racial identity is an issue that social division could be made. What can a White-American do that the Black-American can't Each individual has his own heart and feelings. The Blacks likewise get hurt as the Whites do. What difference can we tell Everyone wants to be dignified, right We may live in a society that is full of injustices. Equal dignity is not given to everybody just because they are women or just a kid. Or whether he got no education at all, he should be mock. Life revolves in a give and take relationship. What we want others do to us, we must also do to them. Now, if we want to be discriminated, then, go and find the most horrible insult you could give to someone. But, tell you, you won't be happy at all.
Appiah noted in his essay that "earlier in American history the label 'African' was applied to many of those who would later be thought of as Negroes". In the colonial period, slavery in North America was somehow based on racial identity, being identified as an African, or, later, as a Negro, carrying the 'badge of color'. People have in thought that "Africans had more in common culturally, socially, intellectually, and religiously than they actually did". With this fact, humankind has established the "social heritage of slavery; the discrimination and insult'". This is not only limited to Americans and Africans but as well as to the Oriental people. As what I have been saying awhile ago, humankind divides people with their race or color. As a result, three socio-cultural objects have been made in America alone, the black, the white, and the Orientals. This division, another term for 'racial label', certainly creates social effects which can cut a person's self-esteem. Furthermore, the thought has psychological effects that can be more demeaning.
Having 'racial label' do shape the way people think of themselves. As stated with the same source, "what people can do depends on what concept they have available to them; and among the concepts that may shape one's action is the concept of a certain kind of person and the behavior appropriate to that kind". Helping one person think he is inferior among others may add more insult to injury and this indeed will result to final self breakdown. How devastating that would be!
Culture and civilization also became an object in Kwame Anthony Appiah's essay. These two has a function in further dividing individuals globally by racial differences. He defined culture as "the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought". There have been Orientals, Africans, and Chinese people that were to adopt a culture and civilization different from their traditional one such as that of Americans but still there the differences are noticeable. It is said that every race has its own common culture. Like black Americans have their own common culture on "values and beliefs and practices that they share and they do not