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Instructional Technology - Essay Example

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Instructional Technology

He established Chicago Laboratory School, one of the first of its kind, to test his educational theories and their social implications. Let us find out more about his contributions and their impact in the society.
John Dewey: I have developed several educational theories for the purpose of having better and more efficient teaching methods. Ever since, I have been against authoritarian methods of teaching and I believe that teachers should have a greater role than just teaching or merely educating the students- they should be role models who also inspire the youth who are under their supervision. I also believe that including things that interest children the most is a better motivation than using rewards and punishments in teaching.
I have come up with something that I refer to as informal education which promotes the involvement and exposure of students to activities that could help them gain experience, and stimulate their thinking skills and be able to reflect on the significance of the undergone activities. This way, learning will be more than just fun and amusing, but also something that could better prepare the students for the future. The learning theory I have developed came to be known as functionalism and it encouraged mental testing and stressed studies of adaptive behavior (Clark, 1999).
Interviewer: John Dewey, indeed has contributed much to the development of instructional technology. The educational theory he has developed is still used in a lot of educational institutions today. And after having understood Mr. Dewey's contribution, it is now time to look at the case in another perspective and learn about another leader in the field. Here is the man who supported Mr. Dewey's theory of functionalism and has strongly advocated educational measurement, Mr. Edward L. Thorndike. What do you think are your most important contributions to instructional technology
Edward Thorndike: First of all, I have fought for my belief that instruction should pursue specified and socially useful goals. And in addition to what has already been mentioned, I have supported John Dewey's functionalism theory and have added a stimulus-response component and called it connectionist, which has become an educational requirement. Also, I am one of the pioneers of active learning that flouted the use of lectures in thinking. Like a lot of other theorists, I don't believe that lectures are effective methods as these limit the interaction to trying to make the student understand a lecture without the assurance that he will be able to comprehend and retain what have been discussed. So instead, I have devised some conditions to maximize learning. One is the law of effect which states that recurrence of a response depends on the consequence or effect, in the form of reward or punishment. Another is the law of recency which states that the most recent response is likely to govern the recurrence. Lastly, the law of exercise which states that the stimulus-response associations are strengthened through repetition.
One of the well-known theories that I have developed is the "Identical Elements Theory of the Transfer of Training" where the amount of transfer between the familiar and the unfamiliar one is determined by the number of elements that the two situations have in common (Clark, 1999).
Interviewer: While Mr. Thorndike focused on maximizing active learning and educational meas ...Show more

Summary

Interviewer: Through the years, Instructional Technology has developed, been popularized and involved more and new theories about effectual methods of education and learning. Since the 1920s, people, scientists, psychologists and others have come, gone and contributed to the continuous development of this field…
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Instructional Technology essay essay example
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