And within the time and resource constraints for study, maximizing objectives from conflicting desiderata articulated by McGrath seems to be in perfect connivance.
And, whether the set of choices made by Eveland was a best strategy is an interesting facet. In the words of Eveland (1988), "we hoped this experiment would illuminate, although, not all of them have been answered" (p. 375). This reaffirms the notion propagated by McGrath, that "the set of choices is systemically circular; it starts with a problem, and gets back to the problem." The cycle of empirical research stands vindicated (Runkel and McGrath, 1972).
Eveland's approach in the study under reference seems to follow the methodical strategy, which are generic classes of research settings for gaining knowledge about a research problem. In this context, the problem being, "the impact of computer-supported systems on the work group structures." The research method adopted herein maps into slices I (field experiments and field study, with sample surveys) of the strategy circumplex (Runkel and McGrath, 1972). The point of maximum concern is on the system context and generalizability over the actors. In terms of maximizing generalizability context, Eveland's study used a relatively small sample and inclusion of younger employees was perhaps desirable.
In terms of Cronbach (1957) classification of designs, Eveland followed both the comparison and correlation techniques. The study compared the performance between conventional and computer supported work groups; and so also, analysis of variance analysis as in trend analysis of member contact within work group over the study period.
The power point slides on research methods ("Research Methods in I/O Psychology", 2008) concisely enumerates the research process, which has also been adopted by Eveland, viz.: ask questions; generate hypothesis; design a study; collect data; data analysis; and interpret-present results.
Since the Eveland study used random assignment techniques to select group members, in the terminology of Trochim (2007) the approach could be classified as 'randomized experiment' which helps in deducing casual relationships.
2. After listing and distinguishing a variety of research designs, explain the advantages and limitations of each; why did Dr. Eveland choose the research design he chose
Research design provides a formal structure to a research study. A three-fold classification is often used to define a research design: randomized or true experimen