StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Cervical Cancer and the Human Papilloma Virus - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Cervical Cancer and the Human Papilloma Virus

Most of these cancers stem from infection with the human papillomavirus, although other host factors affect neoplastic progression following initial infection. Compared with other gynecologic malignancies, cervical cancer develops in a younger population of women. Thus, screening for this neoplasia with Pap smear sampling typically begins in adolescence or young adulthood. Most early cancers are asymptomatic, whereas symptoms of advancing cervical cancer may include bleeding, watery discharge, and signs associated with venous, lymphatic, neural, or ureteral compression. Diagnosis of cervical cancer usually follows colposcopic examination and histologic evaluation of cervical biopsies.
Worldwide, cervical cancer is common, and ranks second among all malignancies for women (Parkin, 2005). In 2002, an estimated 493,000 new cases were identified globally and 274,000 deaths were recorded. In general, higher incidences are found in developing countries, and these countries contribute 83 percent of reported cases annually. Economically advantaged countries have significantly lower cervical cancer rates, and add only 3.6 percent of new cancers. This incidence disparity highlights successes achieved by cervical cancer screening programs in which Papanicolaou (Pap) smears are regularly obtained. There is considerable variation of incidences, screening, diagnosis, and treatment statistics throughout the world, but the trend of the disease is considered to be resulting mainly from financial and cultural characteristics affecting access to screening and treatment. The age at which cervical cancer develops is in general earlier than that of other gynecologic malignancies, and the median age at diagnosis ranges from 40 to 59 years. In women aged 20 to 39 years, cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths.
There are data that indicate the cervical cancer is a preventable disease, and in developed countries, such as, in the United States, where well established screening programmes exist, it is estimated that 30% of cervical cancer cases will occur in women who have never had a Pap test. In developing countries, this percentage approaches 60%. It is a matter to be reckoned that in spite of these statistics, the worldwide incidence of invasive disease is decreasing, and cervical cancer is being diagnosed earlier, leading to better survival rates. Worldwide data indicate that the mean age for cervical cancer is 47 years, and the distribution of cases is bimodal, with peaks at 35 to 39 years and 60 to 64 years of age.
Risk Factors
There are numerous risk factors for cervical cancer: young age at first intercourse ( ...Show more

Summary

Worldwide, cervical carcinoma continues to be a significant health care problem. In third world countries, where limited health care resources exist, cervical carcinoma remains a significant cause of mortality. Because cervical cancer is preventable, it is imperative that gynecologists and other primary care providers who administer health care to women be familiar with screening techniques, diagnostic procedures, and risk factors for cervical cancer as well as management of preinvasive disease…
Author : nikkostamm
Cervical Cancer and the Human Papilloma Virus essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Cervical Cancer and the Human Papilloma Virus"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Human Papilloma Virus
While the human papilloma virus is often considered to be a sexually transmitted disease, it can be spread simply by making contact with another person who has the virus. Depending on the type of virus, warts can occur on the hands, feet, or genital region.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Human Papilloma Virus
Introduction Sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses (HPV) are concerned with the pathogenesis of a number of anogenital diseases varying from external genital warts to cancers of the uterine cervix and anus. Genital papillomaviruses have been associated, as well, with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis through vertical transmission during labor.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Essay on Cervical Cancer
My paper would narrow down to explore cervical cancer. Cervical cancer refers to cancer of the cervix which is confined to the female reproductive parts (Spencer, 2007). The causes of cancer are not definite. Tremendous research has and is still underway.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
How to diagnose cervical cancer
Vincent Hospital in Sydney, Australia. She studied at the Northeastern University. The name of the journal is Nursing Times and the title of the article is “Incidence, Pathophysiology and Treatment of Cervical Cancer”. The article “Incidence, Pathophysiology and Treatment of Cervical Cancer” contains detailed information on cervical cancer; that is, the viruses that cause it, which are the (Papilloma virus) and (CIN) cervical r intraepithelial neoplasia.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Population Screening For Cervical Cancer Essay
The goal of screening examinations for cervical cancer is to find pre-cancerous cells before they develop into actual invasive cancers ("Screening and Early Detection," 2006 ). Early detection and treatment prevents 75 percent of cervical cancer cases from developing ("NHS Cervical," 2006).
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Epidemiology of Cervical Cancer
1993). Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Usually it may present with vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer is in its advanced stages. Its treatment, in early stages, consists of surgery but in advanced stages of the disease chemotherapy and radiotherapy are used.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Discuss the risks and benefits of the human papilloma virus vaccine
However, the preponderance of these infections is so great that it results in severe clinical, financial and public health problems (Dempsey). Pharmaceutical companies have developed two HPV vaccines that can provide
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Cervical cytology
    Approximately 70% of cervical cancers are associated with infection by two oncogenic strains of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), types 16 and 18
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Human Papilloma virus
The most common form of transmission, though, is through contact with towels, face washers and even carpets. However, the wart can grow on any part of the human body depending on what type of wart it is and there are over 100 different
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Human papilloma virus (HPV)
Of these, over 40 can infect the reproductive areas of both genders, and can readily spread through direct skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.2 Furthermore, at least 13 of them can be
17 pages (4250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation