Criminal trials in England and Wales take place at two levels. The most serious offences, such as murder, rape, and arson must be tried in the Crown Court, a unitary court, which is part of the Supreme Court and is a superior court of record. Trials in the Crown Court are presided over by a judge, who may be a High Court judge, a circuit judge, a recorder, or an assistant recorder…
All offences which can be tried in the Crown Court are known as indictable offences. The most serious indictable offences which must be tried in the Crown Court are known as indictable-only offences. There are other indictable offences, such as theft, which can, but need not, be tried in the Crown Court. These are known as either-way offences. Below the Crown Court, at the lowest rung of the criminal court hierarchy, are the inferior magistrates' courts. Proceedings in magistrates' courts are presided over either by a bench of lay justices of the peace, who sit with a legally qualified clerk, or by a legally qualified stipendiary magistrate. Magistrates' courts try the either-way offences which are not tried in the Crown Court and also summary offences. These are crimes created by statute which must be tried by a magistrates' court. An either-way offence cannot be tried in a magistrates' court unless the accused assents to this and a magistrates' court agrees that the summary procedure is appropriate. If the accused does not consent or the magistrates' court vetoes a summary trial the offence must be tried on indictment in the Crown Court regardless of whether the accused intends to plead guilty or not guilty. The only effect of a guilty plea is to make it unnecessary to empanel a jury in the Crown Court. ...
In the majority of cases the court which convicts an accused also sentences him.
Her Majesty's High Court of Justice (usually known more simply as the High Court) is, together with the Crown Court and the Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales (which under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, is to be known as the Senior Courts of England and Wales).
It deals at first instance with all the most high value and high importance cases, and also has a supervisory jurisdiction over all subordinate courts and tribunals. Appeal from the High Court in civil matters lies to the Court of Appeal and thence to the House of Lords, except when the High Court is sitting as a Prize Court when appeal lies to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
The High Court is based at the Royal Courts of Justice on The Strand, in central London. However, it also sits as 'District Registries' all across England and Wales and virtually all proceedings in the High Court may be issued and heard at a district registry. It is headed by the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. By convention, all of its male judges are made Knights Bachelor, while all of its female ones are made Dames Commander of the British Empire.
The High Court is split into three main divisions: the Queen's Bench Division, the Chancery Division and the Family Division. The Supreme Court Costs Office is the part of the High Court that deals with legal costs and falls outside these divisions.
If we look at the standard works of constitutional law, the only thing that is agreed is that judicial independence means that High Court judges may not be dismissed without an ...
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(“The High Court, The Crown Court & Magistrates Court Essay”, n.d.)
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(The High Court, The Crown Court & Magistrates Court Essay)
“The High Court, The Crown Court & Magistrates Court Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/284680-the-high-court-the-crown-court-magistrates-court.
The insides of the crown court were as solemn as its facade; it consisted of a raised platform, clearly reserved for the Judge, where he sat facing the court. The clerk t sat on a seat located just below the platform facing the court just like the judge. There was a reporter as well, who sat with a stenographer and recorded the entire court room proceedings.
The Supreme Court, which was previously called House of Lords, took over the title of Supreme Court as the uppermost court of England and Wales in 2009. The Court of Appeal and the High Court can place appeals to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court can have nine judges for hearing appeals, but usually there are only five.
In England and Wales, the court system is branched into courts dealing with criminal jurisdiction and courts dealing with civil jurisdiction. However, certain courts such as the High Court, some Crown Courts and the Magistrate Court deal with both forms of jurisdiction.
This is attributed to the UK being a European Convention on human rights signatory and union of four separate jurisdictions namely; Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland and mainland England. In the UK, court hierarchy establishes the binding power of decisions and to which courts, which is commonly referred to as the doctrine of precedent.
The criminal court system contains the crown courts and the magistrates’ court. Together with the Court of Appeal and the High Court of Justice, the Crown Court [of England and Wales] is one of the constituents of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.
Only the more serious offences are sent to the Crown Court to be dealt by a judge and jury. Rights of the defendants are kept in mind at every step of the criminal procedure and the defendant is given various rights and opportunities to prove his innocence.
You would start off by doing two years training as a district judge; this would be in order to gain experience, to prepare you. The usual age of retirement for a district judge is 70, and the Lord Chancellor has the power to dismiss district judges for bad behaviour.
It is a permanent unitary court across England and Wales, whereas the Assizes were periodic local courts heard before judges of the Queens Bench Division of the High Court, who travelled across the seven