Ethnic diversity of a society is reflected in the differences in linguistic styles, cultural and religious values, and traditions that influence the lifestyles, thinking, beliefs, attitudes and values of the different groups of people in the society. Discrimination as well as negative stereotyping results in denial of opportunities and success, and thereby diverse socio-economic status and tensions. Hence, according to Grant, diversity calls for both social diversity and human diversity (as cited in Verma, 2007, p.22). Multicultural education, therefore, should aim at not just the education and enhancement of knowledge in children but at informing all social institutions. Children from various ethnic backgrounds who come to an educational institution may be already suffering because of the socioeconomic problems that their families are subjected to. To help them wipe out the harmful effects of these issues and achieve educational gains will require educators, who are highly trained, and educational systems that are of high quality.
Addressing education as a system a...
Some of these important aspects are technology, instructional strategies, bilingual education, special education, diversity and inclusion.
Technology in Education
Technology has provided a solution for most of the problems in the world today as well as it has made life easier and life's activities simpler. However, that does not mean that people are comfortable with the changes brought by technology. "Having access to the technology and being able to cope with the changes it creates are two fundamentally different issues" (McCain & Jukes, 2000, p.3). According to McCain and Jukes (2000), our personal, professional and national survival depends on our ability to meet the changes and on "whether companies and individuals can adapt quickly enough to keep pace with their global competitors" (p. 21). This adaptability, in turn, depends to a great extent on the ability of the educational institutions to equip people with the relevant skills.
Pitler, Hubbell, Kuhn and Malenoski (2007) have thrown light on several instructional strategies, aided by technology, that can help students in planning, fixing objectives, giving feedbacks, brainstorming, data collection, communication, etc. (p.18). For example, the authors describe how the word processor can be used for creating charts, and goal sheets for the fixing and monitoring of objectives by the students themselves, and how templates can help in reducing a lot of mechanical work, such as formatting, for every new submission of a routine document. Brainstorming software helps students in organizing their thoughts in the beginning of a unit, while taking instructions, and after a unit (Pitler, Hubbell, Kuhn & Malenoski, 2007, p.20). Technology provides unlimited creative options for children, such as creating graphics