Law Enforcement in the Czech Republic

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Law is the body of rules, regulations and principles that administers the affairs of the community by a legal system. It is made by the country's government and is based on the norms, traditions, cultures and the needs of the people. The enforcement of laws was initiated at the time of cave dwellers, when those inhabitants were required to obey certain rules and commands prevailing in the society.


The total area of Czech Republic is 78,844 square km and the population is 10.5 million. It is surrounded by Poland, Austria, Slovakia and Germany and also occupies the historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia and a small area of Silesia. The people of Czech Republic are Slavic people who are from central and Eastern Europe but their culture and tradition connects them to the West.
Czech Republic is a democratic country and the bicameral Parliament, that includes the House of Representatives and the Senate, acts as the central body in the political system. The head of the state is the President with limited powers and is elected for five years. The President holds some important legal powers such as the appointment of the Prime Minister and members of the government, selection for the members of Czech National Bank Board and the official signing authority (Czech Republic Country Brief, 2007).
General: In Czech Republic the Justice system consists of 86 District Courts, 8 Regional Courts, 2 High Courts and a Supreme Court. The highest judicial authority in the country is the Constitutional Court which is situated in Brno. Its major activities do not include dealing with criminal cases.
Prosecution: The formation of the State Prosecutor's Office entirely follows the courts. ...
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