2.) The Fair Labor Standards Act is a federal law which guaranteed worker's right to minimum standards laws. It has defined the 40-hour workweek, set out federal minimum wage, stated the requirements for overtime and placed restrictions on child labor. Hence, the major provisions of the Act are: a.) 29 U.S.C. Section 206 governing employees' minimum wage; b.) 29 U.S.C. Section 207 for number of hours of work; and c.) 29 U.S.C. Section 203 (1) in relation to 29 U.S.C. Section 212 pertaining to child labor.
3.) The Equal Pay Act of 1963 sought to abolish wage differentials based on sex. When the bill was passed, sex discrimination was denounced so that its key components are the following: a.) wages and living standards for employees necessary for their health and efficiency; b.) prevention of the maximum utilization of the available labor resources; c.) tendency to cause labor conflicts, which may impose burden, affect, and obstruct commerce; d.) burdening commerce and the free flow of goods in commerce; and e.) resulting to an unfair means of competition.
4.) Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964 simply prohibits discrimination in employment when based on national origin, sex, religion, color, and race. Title VII not only specifically identified specific acts which would constitute violation but provided for recovery of compensatory and punitive damages. In seeking for damages, it conferred jurisdiction upon courts to give injunctive relief in cases of discrimination in public offices and gave authority to the Attorney General institute suits to promote civil rights.
5.) The determination of pay discrimination for dissimilar jobs has become difficult. The usual query is what would be the basis or bases of discrimination when in fact an employee has different qualifications or simply into a dissimilar job from the rest. The fact that employees may have different jobs aside from their personal qualifications may become an issue of discrimination itself. In other words, should discrimination be prohibited when circumstances call for discrimination because of varying qualifications
6.) Not only that discrimination has created trauma in the society, it also created various social implications like earning gaps among sexes and/or races in workplaces. The society has been divided into thinking that women usually are limited as to what they could accomplish as opposed to men. The same is true of men and women of different racial origins perceived to be underachievers, of low intelligence and unproductive.
7.) Social Security is a very extensive government program to the point that people does not know how the program works or how it is financed. People have vague of the fact that they pay taxes to benefit them in the long run and that their benefits are connected to their income. This lack of awareness makes the people hesitant of the real benefits the people will have to receive by the time they needed social security benefits at the time of retirement.
8.) The management system affects the pay objectives in a manner that collection process may be affected due to varying or erratic management policies.
9.) The importance of controlling labor costs is that it gives the employer the idea and awareness of business expense which must match its projected growth and reserve capital. With such control, spending may go beyond the actual