After all, if the act was to proceed, states would be responsible for a humungous total of about $23 Billion, spread over a 10-year period (PFAW Capitol Hill).
Ultimately, the Act was intended to prevent terrorism by creating rigorous and consistent standards with regard to state-issued IDs for all the states to follow. States are commissioned to renovate the drivers' licenses and non-drivers' identification cards such that uniform security features could be included in them across the whole country (PFAW Capitol Hill). The law repealed Section 7212 under Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, a regulation targeting the issue of national standards for drivers' licenses and personal identification cards where minimum standards were set and certain information were disclosed in the identification cards left to each of the states' discretion, thus sacrificing the consistency of the categories and criteria on who are eligible to obtain the drivers' licenses across the whole country. The new law as such reformed this by replacing each of all the states standards with a specific national one (Hann).
Technically, states are not mandated to accept these federal standards. But, refusing to do so would mean that their residents would be refused employment, then denied having social security or disallowed air travel. In a sense, instead of imposing a direct order on the states, the federal government is threatening them into complying underhandedly. Combating terrorism is the primary reason behind all these. But, proponents of these are actually forgetting that the criminals do not care about laws, not so much as to breaking them anyway. A terrorist would not so much bat an eyelash when he is not going to be dutifully able to obtain a federal ID card. People who disregarded the nation's immigration laws would not care so much if they were to disrespect these ID requirements, especially when any card can be forged and any regulating agency could be bribed. Terrorists can and will have a way to obtain national ID cards or just proceed with their operations without them. That said, the national ID cards are more for the tracking of law-abiding citizens and not these criminals (Ron). With such, the Act can already be said not to have an effective impact on the prevention of future terrorist and criminal acts. Even if this law had been in place in 2001, each of those hijackers would still have obtained a driver's license or board that plane, what will all the things technology can do in producing fake documents, or the ways in which these terrorists could have obtained legal documents through deception or manipulation (Hann). A problem with the national ID system is the formation of a category more dangerous than the classification of 'bad guys', that is of a bad guy that possess a good guy's profile, meaning the creation of a criminal having the capability to steal the identity of an honest person if he will its, especially if the system could be undermined. The Real ID Act does not do anything to alter this possibility (Electronic Privacy Information Center).
Part of the law is the provision in linking all of the states' motor vehicle databases. Drivers' licenses were made to expire at the same time as the immigration visas. The Department of Motor Vehicles therefore became designated to monitor the immigration status as well as enforce the federal immigration laws. This is not appropriate