StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Fingerprinting - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Fingerprinting

The use of fingerprints is primarily important in identification of criminals in forensic sciences who has to have their fingerprints saved in the criminals database, but the drawback is the crime's scene prints distortion and difficulty in retrieval. Fingerprints are also an important asset to highly secure companies and banking systems. Such identifications with many others such as eye scan and voice recognition are used to verify a person's identity and cross-reference him. Finger Identification can be used on a more sophisticated level of security as mentioned by Tom Gillespie 2005; a fingerprint reader used as a switch, a standalone lock that uses a fingerprint instead of a keypad and a security case opened by a fingerprint reader.
It is also was a suggested to use those identification marks present on the finger prints to help track kids when they are lost, though some parents do not agree on the principle of using the same technology used for criminals identification. This must not be an issue when the safety of the children is the main concern of all parents. (Lisa P. White)
Many scientists came across finger prints discussing their presence and describing them in different manners, and some describing the patterns of them, but it was not till 1880 that Faulds had described their importance as personal identification marks through his studies and research. On 1882 Thompson was the first U.S citizen that has printed his thumb print to ensure ethnicity of a paper. And on 1883 Mark Twain identified the first criminal using fingerprint identification.

Types & methods of obtaining finger prints

According to Eric Brown, 1990, there are three types of finger prints; visible (also called patent prints), impression (also called plastic prints), and latent prints. All can be obtained but in different methods. Visible can be photographed directly, impression need special lightning to make it visible, latent need special methods to become visible by physical , chemical, and instrumental techniques.
Latent finger prints are composed mainly of sweat and other organic compounds like amino acids, glucose, lactic acid, peptides, ammonia, riboflavin, and isoagglutinogens as well as inorganic chemicals like potassium, sodium, carbon trioxide, and chlorine. It is those chemicals that react by one of those techniques to help make the latent finger prints visible. (Eric Brown, 1990)

A person with no prints

Researchers recently unraveled two diseases that can actually cause a person to be finger print-less. The two diseases are Naegeli syndrome and dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis (DPR) both caused by a defect in the keratin protein number 14. "The defect induces the body to mark cells in the upper layers of the skin for death. As a result, people with these afflictions lack fingerprints.." Those results were published in the American Journal of Human Genetics. (Scientists Unravel Mystery of People with No Fingerprints)

Where does finger printing stand in the forensic sciences

Finger printing left its impressions in forensic sciences over the years to be a helpful aid to humanity in many aspects. Many crime scene investigators start with this basic information collection as a start to help them have an initial starting point to their investigations. Finger printing was the first to ...Show more

Summary

Fingerprints are a distinctive identification mark present of the finger tips formed by ridges and curvature of lines present at birth and stays till death unless if an accident occurs. It is thought in theory that it is unique since no two people (till now) possess the same identification fingerprint…
Author : aimee73
Fingerprinting essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Fingerprinting"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Discuss and analyze DNA and fingerprinting technologies used in law enforcement today
However, science and technology developed a lot and new methods of gathering evidences were implemented in crime investigations. DNA and finger print technologies are helping investigating officers immensely at present in establishing crimes in the court.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
DNA fingerprinting
If the there is some sort of problem i.e. mutation in the DNA, it would lead to altered characters or even lead to abnormalities (Burke 1991). The DNA sequence of every individual is specific and is generally passed on from parents to their offspring. The basic structure of a DNA consists of four Nucleotide bases i.e.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
DNA fingerprinting
There are many different base pairs in a human being and these base pairs are used for identification of people. Due to a lot of base pairs the tasks of identification becomes very time consuming so that’s the reason why scientists use repeating patterns in DNA.DNA profiling is basically used with DNA testing.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Digital Fingerprinting
This research deals with the improvements in the technological aspects of digital fingerprinting and focuses on its application and contexts as also its uses and processes. The structures and imaging techniques and the functions and processing and transmission of images are discussed, along with a comparative analysis of two relevant techniques.
28 pages (7000 words) Essay
Digital fingerprinting
The structures and imaging techniques and the functions and processing and transmission of images are discussed, along with a comparative analysis of two relevant techniques. The two techniques show differences in fingerprinting methods as the first patent deals with identification of fingerprints and its applications and the second technique deals with transmission and storage of fingerprints through a mobile device.
20 pages (5000 words) Essay
Digital fingerprinting
The structures and imaging techniques and the functions and processing and transmission of images are discussed, along with a comparative analysis of two relevant techniques. The two techniques show differences in fingerprinting methods as the first patent deals with identification of fingerprints and its applications and the second technique deals with transmission and storage of fingerprints through a mobile device.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Brain Fingerprinting 302 WK5
Fingerprinting has faced several challenges in courts. In particular, the 1993 Supreme Court decision of Daubert v Merrel Dow, judges were expected to
2 pages (500 words) Essay
In 2005, A German politician proposed that all babies should be genetically fingerprinted at birth. Do you agree What does genetic fingerprinting mean Who should control the information obtained and who should have access to the information What are th
. the analysis of a small amount of genetic material from a blood or cellular sample, which is unique per individual as a fingerprint is, as an aid to identification, also called DNA profiling, genetic profiling...”
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The process of DNA fingerprinting
2). DNA is found in all the cells that make up a human being’s body; “all the information in the cells is stored responsible for the formation of one’s body is stored in the form of DNA” (Routh 2008, p. 2). DNA looks like a ladder with two sides that are connected
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Fingerprinting Paper
In the era of digital technology and PINs (Personal International Identification numbers), there are extensive possibilities that would either complement or replace the fingerprint (Chandos & Piosenka, 1991; Jain, Ross, & Prabhakar, 2004). In a world that is increasingly
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation