Each part is weighed against generally accepted methods for preparing research articles. The review concludes with the author's thoughts about the research methods depicted in the two articles, citing appropriateness of the methods as well as limitations.
Research is the cornerstone of any science. It refers to the systematic and purpose-driven process of attempting to gain knowledge about something. Research processes are often documented in journals, which describes the reason for the research, how the research was conducted and the results of the research or study made. This paper looks into two researches conducted and reviews the documented research process contained in the journal article published by the researchers.
The first research article presents research done with postcards and looks into its usage as a souvenir, collectible or a means of communication from 1985 until 1920. The research was conducted by Bjarne Rogan, professor of ethnology and culture history at the University of Oslo, Norway. His article on his postcard research was published in the Cultural Analysis journal in 2005. The article describes the researcher's purpose for conducting the research using present day postcard collections from the period mentioned above. The researcher wanted to look into other aspects of postcards aside from their picture side where more scholarly researched had been focused on. Reviews of previously published articles and literature on postcards are also used by the researcher in order to determine the reasons for the postcard's popularity during its time, as well as to trace the development of postcards and the evolution of its design during the period.
The second research article presents research regarding consumption of energy drink among college students. The research was conducted by Brenda Malinauskas, Victor Aeby, Reginald Overton, Tracy Aeby, and Kimberly Heidal, all professors at East Carolina University whose research fields are in sports and child nutrition, school health education, collegiate sports, program evaluation, and omega-3, respectively. Their article was published in the Nutrition Journal in 2007. They wanted to look into the consumption patterns of energy drink among college students, an area not sufficiently looked into by research despite the popularity of energy drinks with young adult consumers. Their article describes the survey they conducted, how the survey questionnaire was designed, how participants were selected, what results came out of the survey and the conclusions they have drawn from the results.
Description of Research Methods
Generally speaking, there are five research methods. The experimental method is one where the researcher manipulates a variable under controlled conditions to investigate its effects on another variable. The correlation method is a non-experimental method, which uses mathematical techniques to find out the degree and direction of relationship between variables. The naturalistic observation method is one wherein the researcher observes and records behavior over a period of time in its natural setting without intervention of any kind. The survey method uses interviews and questionnaires designed to illicit the required responses from participants, with data summarized to glean insights on characteristics of the sample