For example, a person in Stage 1 can understand Stage 2 reasoning but nothing beyond that. Therefore, we should present moral arguments that are only one stage ahead of a person's present level of reasoning to stimulate movement to higher stages. (Wong 2000)
According to this model, Lou may be placed within the second stage of Pre-conventional Morality, which is the Instrumental Relativist Orientation. Lou is a failure as a husband and father, and as a result of his suppressed guilt about his inability to achieve his personal goals, he see reality in terms that are relative to his personal disorientation.
with the most, she is also almost a stereotypical representation of the conventionally good daughter, wife, and mother, who is struggling to do the right thing while not being assisted by her siblings.
Georgia may be identified as belonging to stage five, Social Contract Orientation, of level three, Post-conventional morality. She finds her identity in her magazine, a fact that is clearly identified by her naming the magazine after herself. As the term indicates, this seems to be the stage where a person initiates social contract formation by conducting social transactions with others in a given society. Georgia's very name reeks of social status and impersonality.
Maddy may be seen to belong to stage one, Punishment-Obedience Orientation, of the ...