In his paper 'The Degradation of Work Revisited: Workers and Technology in the American Auto Industry, 1900-2000', Stephen Meyer points out that during the era of Ford*, most of the workers used to be unskilled and had a variety of jobs to do. However as most modern economics textbooks will point out, the emphasis is now on a division and specialization of labor. The downside of this is that boredom slowly creeps into the work system, a fact that is hardly depicted by the emergence of the workaholics of the 21st centaury. In fact, these workers who used to earn $ 5 a day (State University of New York Press, 1981, The Five Dollar Day) can now earn much more than that in an hour today. The luxuries they enjoy at home are something that was only possible due to the technological restructuring of their workplace.
Another direct product of technological advancement is the improved level of communication between employees and employers (Werner J. & James W., 1979, Communication Theories: Origins, Methods and Uses). Technologies like mobile communication, satellite video conferencing and the utility of transporting all your data home and work there enable workers to be more connected with their workplace and employers even at home. Of course, critics have not been far behind. ...Show more