One can observe that after 1950, there is uptrend in management's unfair labor practices and decline in public support for unions. According to survey of 'The Conference Board' in 1977 and 1983, the ability of unions is not enough to counter the union avoidance strategies of the companies. Moreover, the number of new establishments opened increases the capacity of a company to pursue union avoidance strategies. It is found that the increase in percentage of organized workforce in the company and plant-by-plant bargaining structure is in favor of unions. However, when the company is successfully opening new establishments, it will be capable of counter unions with union avoidance strategies. In this context it is important to discuss the consequences of union avoidance. The union avoidance strategies affect the union membership and encourage the growth of non unionized firms. As a result the survey states that the number of unionized firms dropped between 1977 and 1983. As it is easy to increase plant openings than a unionized firm, the companies followed that way to avoid union elections and in the case of unionization, the managements tried to win the elections with their candidates in fray. Moreover differences in collective bargaining outcomes are also a reason for priority given for union avoidance strategies both by managements and employees. ...
In this context it is important to discuss about the tactics of Union Avoidance consultants and comparison or contrast with the views of Martin Jay Levitt in his book 'Confessions of a Union Buster' (John Chalykoff, Peter Cappelli, 1986).
Union Avoidance Consultants
There are many consultant firms regarding union avoidance consultants and one such firm is IRI Management Services Incorporation, which offers its services on website; http://www.lrims.com/union-organizing-consult.html. The first step in the services of the company is regarding winning the union election by the management. The company offers 7 lies that union organizers tell the employees to its clients as part of the strategy to win the union election. In the next step it talks about the ways the company has to follow no matter who wins the election. Hence, the firm offers union avoidance services in two ways; one for winning the election and the other to manage the winners. One can term that the latter is good for employees and the former is good for management. This is because, in the latter one if the employee oriented union wins the elections, the management treats the employees well and they can feel secure. However, in the case of first one, if the management's candidate wins the elections, the people who support unionization may get less perks than those who oppose it.
Another firm that offers union avoidance consultancy is 'IRC Industrial Relations Consultants Inc., available at http://www.irconsultants.com/services-unionavoidance.html
The website states that if an employer has been a target of organized campaign by the unions, it offers creative strategies for union-free environment. As part of creating union free environment, the website states that it identifies the issues