StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Civilization Collapse and Environmental History - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Civilization Collapse and Environmental History

The rebels were suppressed and their leaders executed in 1788.
Pierre-Etienne further elaborates that also in the 1780s, in Gansu province, there were two major revolts of the Muslim communities, sparked by adherents of a fundamentalist "new sect" who opposed the local Muslim officials appointed by the Qing. Both Muslim uprisings were suppressed after heavy fighting, as were a series of revolts by Miao tribesmen in southwest China. But the fighting was costly to the Qing, who despite their victories did not eradicate the underlying causes of religious, economic, and ethnic resentments. In 1799, as Qianlong's reign ended, rebels claiming the same White Lotus affiliation that had animated the followers' of Wang Lun were rising up all across central China and were actively fighting Qing troops in many areas of Sichuan, Hubei, Shaanxi, and Henan.
Can one link these outbreaks to Specific Manchu policies that alienated the people The evidence is not clear on this, but it is certain that in the late eighteenth century many Qing government institutions began to falter: the emergency granaries were often empty, sections of the Grand Canal silted up, regular banner troops behaved with incompetence or brutality, efforts to stop ecologically dangerous land-reclamation projects were abandoned, the bureaucracy was faction-ridden, and corruption ran deep. It is also possible that Qing reluctance to create new county governments in areas of new settlement or dense population put impossible stresses on officials in the bureaucracy. Moreover, the intense pressure for jobs meant that those who had finally obtained office sought a swift return' for all their waiting and anxiety, pressing local peasants in their jurisdictions for speedy tax payments and for supplementary charges. The White Lotus insurgents of the 1790s, for instance, stated categorically that "the officials have forced the people to rebel." It is also true that in the conduct of the border campaigns, as in the suppression of local rebellions, Qing officials indulged in an unusually high level of graft. This was made possible by collusion between high figures in military and civil government, who often hid the real situation from Emperor Qianlong. And Qianlong, having allowed the secret palace memorial system of his father Yongzheng to become impersonal and routine, now had no reliable, confidential sources from which to learn of his officials' malfeasance. There is no doubt that this pattern of corruption grew worse after 1775, when a young Manchu guards officer named Heshen became entrenched as the elderly emperor's court favorite,although Heshen was not responsible for everything that was going awry. At that time Heshen was twenty-five and the emperor sixty-five, and the following year the favorite received an extraordinary series of promotions: Qianlong named Heshen a deputy lieutenant general of the Manchu plain blue banner, a minister of the imperial household, vice-minister of revenue, and a grand councilor. There were no parallels in Qing history for giving so many powerful appointments to a young man, and Qianlong later piled honor on honor. Heshen was made minister of revenue (and, for a time, minister' of civil ...Show more

Summary

According to Pierre-Etienne Wang Lun's uprising was more important as a symptom of deep underlying discontents than for its immediate effects, and it should be considered along with other rebellions that erupted elsewhere in China, often with no precisely stated grievances or goals…
Author : dayanaraynor
Civilization Collapse and Environmental History essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Civilization Collapse and Environmental History"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

History of Western Civilization
The discovery of the various concepts, as well as the surrounding changes in politics and religion created a different set of beliefs and alternative understandings that were accepted in society and culture. In the book, The Enlightenment, by Roy Porter, there is a different understanding of how this particular concept created a new development of belief in science throughout Europe.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
HISTORY of western civilization
They neither believed in the extreme of finding reason for all, nor did they blindly support the ideas of faith, intuition and authority. They advocated for the use human intelligence to understand man’s position as a sociable entity and in the environment he lives.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Will the dental college survive or collapse
Analytical Essay: Will the dental college survive or collapse? Customer name Institution Analytical Essay: Will the dental college survive or collapse? Jack London’s thought-provoking work, The Call of the Wild, provides an interesting perspective on life.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Why societies collapse
Jerry Ciacho May 3, 2011 The Reasons for the Collapse of Societies Societal collapse or the decline of empires, kingdoms and societies are inevitable and unavoidable. It has happened from the Chinese and Roman empires and kingdoms to the Mayan societies in Mesoamerica.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
History (western civilization)
Civilization in the context of the west is the main focus of this essay. It basically is said to have been initiated in the Europe continent. (Spielvogel, 2010) Ancient form civilization is regarded as the western civilization basis. It is also the basis of the globe one has knowledge about in the recent times.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
What Happened to the Mayan Civilization The Mistery of A Great Civilization
What Happened To Mayan Civilization? They were a dignified people and this is a mystery that they collapsed to ruins. It was one of the mightiest civilizations in the world and the ancient America tasted its powers. The last recorded date of the civilization is 904 A.D.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
World Civilization
World Civilization. Civilization is defined as a global or universal phenomenon of political, economic, cultural, and technological exchanges that come up because of contemporary communication, legal infrastructure, and political willingness to open links across borders to enable international finance and trade.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
History: East Asian Civilization
1, by W.M Theodore de Bary, and A History of East Asia: From the Origins of Civilization to the Twenty-First Century, by Charles Holcombe, go ahead to bring out the relationship these ideologies. This paper shall analyze the influence
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Now that we talked about the rise and fall of primary civilization around the globe, discuss the factors or combinations of factors associated with the collapse of civilization
Environmental factors: Various civilizations around the world have collapsed because of certain environmental factors such as overexploitation of natural resources. Often, the action of man on the land and exploration for “extensive
2 pages (500 words) Essay
History of civilization
However, the successes achieved by the European civilization in overseas expansion and the establishment of a global presence is seen to cause this civilization to be recognized
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation