Initially planned as journey against hunger, exhaustion and cold, the mission ends up fueled by suspicious beliefs and hostility provoked in the local tribes.
The focal moment and central theme in Black Robe is the clash between two different cultures. Moore (1997) explores the complexities of utterly divergent cultures and tries to juxtapose them on the background of historical events happening at the beginning of 17th century Canada. Moore (1997) attempts to give new understandings about both cultures. For Native Indians, baptism is "water sorcery". To pray over beads would mean to put a curse of someone. To the savages the idea to have only one God is absurd. For the Jesuits, on the other hand the Indians appear barbaric and uncontrollable. Their religion is surrounded with sorcerers and superstitions. The way they observe and follow their customs are bloodthirsty. What Moore (1997) reveals in front of the reader is two cultures that are diametrically different. The Indian way of life and religion is frightenly dissimilar to the Western culture of Laforgue. The attempts from both sides to reach out for each other are directed by mutual incomprehension. Overcoming to grasp the different thinking and customs of each culture is the theme of the whole novel. The language barrier is not so difficult an obstacle than to understand the other. Both cultures test their beliefs in their contact of the contrasting culture. Moore (1997) best describes this in the Introduction of the novel:
The Indian belief in a world of night and in the power of dreams clashed with the Jesuits' preachments of Christianity and a paradise after death. This novel is an attempt to show that each of these beliefs inspired in the other fear, hostility, and despair, which later would result in the destruction and abandonment of the Jesuit missions, and the conquest of the Huron people by the Iroquois, their deadly enemy.
Moore (1997) painfully pictures that the mere contact between different cultural worlds can destroy a delicate internal connection within the cultures and eventually lead to the demise of one of them.
Things Fall Apart, is an African novel written in English. Achebe (1994) writes it in response to Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. He opposes to the stereotypical thinking that African people and cultures are primitive. Throughout his book he is creating striking features that convey the idea of how complex is the traditional African village and how African cultures vary among themselves and also alter over the time. Achebe (1994) not only informs the rest of the world about the Ibo customs and traditions, but he reminds his fellows to value and remember their past. Achebe (1994) tries to persuade Africans that they too have centuries old history and culture and that they should fight against European judgments and colonization. Achebe (1994) emphasizes that African culture is no as incomprehensible as Western civilization thought it to be.
Which characters in each of the stories have the cleverest grasp of what is happening within their respective situations
Chomina in Black Robe seems to be the cleverest character in the novel. The main character realizes that the religious beliefs are assimilated into their