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Lao PDR: Sixth National Socio Economic Development Plan - Essay Example

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Lao PDR: Sixth National Socio Economic Development Plan

Therefore, it is most appropriate to present an overview how Laos has come up of the plan. The Plan states that policy development is based on a situation in which there has already been significant economic growth in the region.

Much has been written about the role of women in the general socio economic development of any country, and probably for Lao this role is special taking into account the original background of the national conscience and history; but the aim of this work is to look through the national development plan of Lao in the light of the issues which do exist in this country at present, through the prism of the changing social roles to the achievement of the set goals.

1. GDP has increased by around 6.3 percent per annum, which in itself demonstrates a more rapid growth rate than has been noted in previous years. The problem is to keep the growth rates at the reasonable level which is equal or somewhat slower to the present one.

Foreign investment levels are high; however it is notable that development assistance commitments have also increased. Social development has focused on a number of objectives, including the reduction of poverty, strengthening of national security and the generation of employment opportunities which are problematic at present.

3. Manufacturing and services sectors of the economy have both been strengthened and unemployment reduced: however, the Plan states that there is still too great a concentration of the labor force in agricultural sectors.
4. Agriculture itself is becoming oriented away from subsistence and towards commercial production, with the connection between agriculture and processing industries strengthened. There is an emphasis on the use of modern technologies and the production of high-yield crops. The problem is that it is necessary to pay greater attention to the preservation of forestry.
5. Industry and construction demonstrates significant growth; the Plan makes mining, cement, steel and assembly plant and various hydropower projects the central issues in the development of the country's economy. The problem here is to concentrate on the development of the industries which are connected with construction area and to connect these issues with environmental protection
6. Education and training and human resource development in general, are seen as essential. Health care and social care networks have to be expanded, with a particular focus on expanding resources and facilities into rural areas
7. Public management infrastructures have also been improved.However, the Plan notes that projected targets have not been met in all areas and in some cases progress has been slower than anticipated. There are a number of areas which future planning needs to take into consideration. These include a firm commitment to sustainability, and an understanding, both theoretical and practical, of the way in which economic growth is related to social progress. This includes specific areas such as poverty reduction, welfare provision, reduction of gender inequalities, but also covers areas ...Show more

Summary

The participation of women in various roles in transformation of the Laos society has relatively improved through the past decade, from a typical household worker to a wider role in family decision making the Lao Sixth NSED Plan has given special emphasis on women's participation…
Author : marquardttheo
Lao PDR: Sixth National Socio Economic Development Plan essay example
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