StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Modern Performance Management Studies - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Modern Performance Management Studies

This paper aims to provide a reinforcement of the above school of thought, by examining the practical application of sound human resource management principles laid out in accordance with the theories outlined in MIT Sloan School of Management educator Douglas McGregor's classic work, 'The Human Side of Enterprise (1960)", in which he identified an approach of creating an environment within which employees are motivated by two theories, named by him as Theory X and Theory Y. He was the advocate of Theory Y, which is the practical application of Dr. Abraham Maslow's Humanistic School of Psychology, in another interrelated classic work, "A Theory of Human Motivation (1943)".
The paper aims to seek the reasons why one theory prevails over another, as we take a look into the practical implications of the theories in actual examples from the corporate world.
Conceptual background: Theory X and Theory Y are at the centre of the human motivation principles outlined in McGregor's work. These are the main postulates of both theories (McGregor, 1960):
Theory X: In this the...
The average human being likes to be directed, and mainly desires security above everything else. The main consequence being, that it leads to a more authoritarian style of management in the concerned company which may not favour the company's business interests in the longer run.

Theory Y: In this theory, management assumes that employees are ambitious, self-motivated, eager to accept greater responsibility, and exercise self-control and self-direction, taking an optimistic view. It is believed that employees enjoy their mental and physical work activities, and thus desire to be imaginative and creative in their jobs, when given a chance. There is always an opportunity for greater productivity by giving employees the freedom to do their best. In no uncertain terms, a Theory Y manager would believe, given the right conditions, most people will want to do well at work and there is always a pool of unused creativity in the workforce. They believe that the satisfaction of doing a good job is a strong motivation in itself, and the ultimate goal of a sound HR professional is to remove the barriers that prevent workers from fully actualizing themselves.

Modern critics argue that both theories are seldom used explicitly, in any organisation. It is common sense understanding, the theories per se represent unrealistic extremes. Most employers (and employees) fall somewhere relative to the extreme values, and hence, ...Show more

Summary

Abstract: Modern performance management studies emphasise that human beings in an organisation, are not predefined commodity resources with obligations totally controlled by contract, but are creative and social beings, that make contributions beyond "labour" to a society and to civilisation (Smith & Mazzin, 2004)…
Author : kolbyluettgen
Modern Performance Management Studies essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Modern Performance Management Studies"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Performance Management: Beyond Budgeting
Needless to say, the last thing an organization would like to do in such a scenario would be to waste the funds given them – and along with it, the trust of its stakeholders. An organization without any money is essentially paralyzed, and will not be likely to hold out long before it keels over and dies.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Organization Development - Analyzing Performance Measurement and Management
A tool that can be employed by FM for the achievement of organizational goals and objectives is performance measurement. This paper analyzes the article, “Moving from performance measurement to performance management”, by Dilanthi Amaratunga and David Baldry.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Modern management techniques
Management process consists of controlling, organizing, directing, leading, staffing, and planning with the objective of goal accomplishment. Management plays a significant role in success of any organization or business. Construction industry, for example, is an industry, which has displayed effective management (Davidson & Maguire, 2003, p.130).
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Modern management techniques
The site managers are tasked to oversee the daily operations of a construction project, maintaining worker safety, proper time and budget management and ensuring that all operations adhere to the right quality standards. As is the case with the Boston Harbour Project, the construction management is tasked with preparation of a checklist that clearly outlines the role of the quality control program, developing the list of the equipments necessary, conducting, tracking and analysing the audits (Armstrong and Wallace Ralph, 2001).
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Performance Management
It is a wide, complex function, usually carried out by the human resource department, and it incorporates undertakings such as training for enhanced performance, execution of employee growth programs, combined goal setting and recurring communication. Consequently, performance management can be said to be a logical process by which the general performance of an organization can be enriched, starting from individual level to team level.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
The business management in the modern world
The expansion of business schools globally resulted in expansion of new business theories internationally. In the modern economic point of view the allocation of funds for social sciences from the government decreased all over the globe. This resulted in graduates in sociology, history, philosophy and psychology ending up with jobs training managers.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
The modern project management approach
It is a method to manage the day to day activities of a project's progression, that is, it is used for managing a defined workload, with a defined resource base both of which are used to execute a project. Project Management as a discipline was developed from several different fields of application such as construction, mechanical engineering, military projects, etc.
19 pages (4750 words) Essay
Modern Knowledge Management Practices
Information, knowledge, and skills have become the key aspects of new economic environment. Effectiveness of the traditional "command-and-control" management is gradually decreasing while knowledge-based human resources continue to reinforce their role as the primary asset of modern organisations (Wright & McMahan, 1992).
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Implementation of Integrated Performance Management
For achieving competitive advantage (Porter 1980) organizations adopt Performance Management techniques to realize efficiency and effectiveness. A number of organizations also implement Total Quality
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Modern management techniques
Management plays a significant role in the success of any organization or business. The construction industry for example, is an industry, which has
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation