StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Shiite Festivals in Iran and Iraq - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Shiite Festivals in Iran and Iraq

Although the Shiites were considered a minority in most of the Islamic world, they were the majority in countries like Iran and Iraq. Shiites who venerate Ali and his son Husayn or Hussein commemorate their death in the hands of the Sunni's in the 7th century battle in Karbala. Karbala is located in Iraq (Associated Press). The other holy site located in Iraq is Najaf. Shiites in Iraq comprised sixty percent of the Iraqi population but the most oppressed and marginalized during the regime of Saddam Hussein. There is a basic difference between Shiite Muslims in Iran and Iraq. Primarily, Iran's ethnic origin was Persian while Iraq's is recognized as Arab.
The most significant festival for Shiites all over the world is the observance of Ashura, a ten-day commemoration of the martyrdom of Hussein. Its observance followed the Shiite calendar usually on the tenth day of the first month of the lunar year or Muharram (Rauf). The Shiites observed it as a day of mourning when Hussein and his kinsmen were killed in 680 AD or 61 AH (Shiite calendar) ("Everyday is Ashura and Every land is Karbala", Rauf). Shiites observe the day with public display of mourning, self-flagellation or wounding to commemorate the sacrifices of Hussein. Hussein opposed against the corrupt rule of Yazid, a Muslim caliph and he and his family paid for it with their lives.
Unlike the Shiites in Iran where they enjoyed majority rule and political power, the Shiites of Iraq underwent severe oppression and misfortune for decades under Saddam Hussein despite outnumbering Sunni's by 2 to 1. Many of the Shiites in Iraq sought refuge in Iran. The Shiites of Iraq had to celebrate and practice their beliefs with restraint. It was not until Saddam Hussein was deposed in 2003 could they openly commemorate Ashura. In Iran, however, Shiism was the recognized Islamic denomination and therefore everyone could observe customs and traditions freely.
The Origins of the Shiite Branch of Islam
Conflict ensued concerning succession after Prophet Muhammad died in 632 AD between the Sunni and Shiites. According to the Shiites, succession should come from the bloodlines of Prophet Muhammad. The Sunni's believed otherwise. For them, the selection of a successor should be a consensus among community members, on political ascendancy and individual merit. (Armanios CRS-2). However, the closest companion of the Prophet, Abu Bakr was elected by majority of the community as caliph. Although majority would accept this decision, some felt that Ali ibn Abi Talib, a cousin and the Prophet's son-in-law and husband to the Prophet's daughter Fatima was bypassed. Several members of the community supported Ali's ascension as caliph (Armanios CRS-1).
The Shiites would later consider Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman as usurpers and illegitimate successors. Shiites considered Ali as the one deserving the recognition as successor. Ali would later be assassinated in 661 AD and his sons, Hassan and Hussein would die in the hands of the Sunnis (Armanios CRS-2). Those that supported Ali's leadership ...Show more

Summary

Shiites or Shi'a is one of the two major denominations of Islam. It is a minority compared to Sunni. Among one billion Muslim believers only fifteen percent belonged to the Shi'a denomination (Associated Press). Conflict rose between traditional Muslim leaders concerning succession…
Author : joany89
Shiite Festivals in Iran and Iraq essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Shiite Festivals in Iran and Iraq"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

The Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s.Whom did the U.S Support what Role did They Play
Some of the reasons were economic while others were driven by ideology. The first economic reason for the war between Iran and Iraq was control over a shipping channel in western Iran. This channel had traditionally been controlled by the rulers of Iraq, but had changed hands in the 17th century.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s
The origin of Iran-Iraq War The Iran-Iraq war began in 1980 and lasted for approximately 8 years. This war marked the end for warfare of the Industrial style, which was characterized by mass: extremely large armies, supported by logistical networks that were complex in nature.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
IRAQ
Iraq Name Institution Introduction Iraq is located in Western Asia. It is ranked in the world as the 58th-largest country compared to California a state in US. Iraq is mainly a desert that is near rivers Tigris and Euphrates. These two rivers make Iraq fertile.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
US foreign policy during the Iraq Iran war
The UN charter stipulates clearly the procedures that should be followed by a country to perpetrate coercion or violence to another state. The UN charter is the only legitimate basis that a country can use to attack another sovereign state since it has been reached through consensus by the member states forming the United Nations.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Japanese festivals
There are in addition a variety of local festivals that are mainly unidentified external to a specified region. It is normally thought that one will for all time discover a festival everywhere in Japan.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Geopolitical Origins of the Iran-Iraq War- Article Review
Now the question is why both countries fought so intensively there must be an objective for this war. He mentioned the argument of two groups according to one group of analysts argues
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Sectarian conflict in Iraq
Sectarian killings and abductions pose the significant threat to the stability and integrity of Iraq. This research paper outlines the nature and background of the sectarian conflict in
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Iraq
Id love to be able to use their ideas to integrate in this paper…I used what I could find from the library and the internet for now… In the field of social sciences, there are various ways of explaining and analyzing the socio-economic and
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
IRAQ
The Northern part is mountainous. Iraq has also a small coastline 58km wide along Persian Gulf. Iraq lies between longitude 39° and 49° E
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Jibal (WNW Iran, ENE Iraq)
Iraq has been known to many people as a country characterized by existence of extremist groups but apart from this, it is a nation with vast unique geographical, cultural as well as infrastructural features that are rarely mentioned among the
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation