The job characteristics model describes the relationship between specific motivating characteristics of jobs, called core job characteristics, and an employee's job motivation. The model basically presents how the laying out of a job influences employee's motivation…
A job that possesses higher levels of these core characteristics is higher in motivating potential. This relationship between job characteristics and employee motivation is moderated by the employee's growth-need strength. The relation between the presence of high levels of the core job characteristics and motivation on the job is stronger for individuals who have strong growth needs. The job characteristics model provides a conceptual frame work for improving the amount of motivating potential inherent in the design of the job through increasing skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback from the task itself. Changing elements of the job's design to strengthen these core motivating characteristics is known as job enrichment (McKenna n.d, 199).
At Disney under Iger's leadership, the employees have been given a relatively relaxed hand to perform the tasks they are good at with the top management not getting into micro-management. This allows employees to make decision based on their own judgments and requires a more complex level of skills. Hence the skill variety of the employees has been increased under Iger.
The increased level of delegation that the employees enjoy along with the autonomy to perform tasks as they see fit has been one of the prime reasons for the higher motivation levels at Disney under Iger. Employees feel that their contribution to the work they perform is greater now and they are able to take their job to completion and therefore can enjoy a certain sense of ownership about it.
The greater level of skill variety, task significance and task identity has led the Disney employees to experience a greater level of meaningfulness in the work they perform, as is shown by the JCM requirements in the diagram in the appendix. This was in sharp contrast to Eisner's strategy of increasing his own influence and squashing the confidence of the employees to make own decisions and hence, decreasing their perception about the contribution they make to the work. This has led to higher internal work motivation and higher quality performance as employees have been able to concentrate on the creative aspect and do what they are good at. This has ensured that even if the top management is not creative, the steady influx of creativity from the employees and people good at their work has kept the star of Disney burgeoning.
2- How can equity theory explain the difference in motivation of employees working under Eisner, as compared to having Iger as CEO Discuss.
Equity Theory attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms of perceptions of fair or unfair distributions of resources within interpersonal relationships. It asserts that employees seek to maintain equity between the inputs that they bring to a job and the outcomes that they receive from it against the perceived inputs and outcomes of others. The belief is that people value fair treatment which causes them to be motivated to keep the fairness maintained within the relationships of their co-workers ...
Cite this document
(“Motivation Case study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287080-motivation-case-study
(Motivation Case Study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Motivation Case Study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287080-motivation-case-study.
Motivation comes from a Latin word - movere, which means “to move”. More importantly, motivation can be defined as a collection of forces within the individual and in the surrounding environment; driving the individual’s behaviour to satisfying the requirements of unmet needs.
Simon and Enz (1995) assert that motivation is the factor that drives people into choosing a specific and particular job and then continue working at the said company while putting in his or her best effort. Ramlall (2004) also gives another definition of employee motivation as having the will to exert high levels of effort towards organizational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need.
It explores what determines the way that people act in a defined manner towards an aspect related to work situations. It delves into what makes people behave towards each other and how these relationships affect their behaviour. This chapter investigates and explains factors that influence and determine effort intensity in the work place and the direction of an individual’s activities towards achieving a personal goal.
Motivation may be defined as the state of an individual's perspective which represents the strength of his/ her natural inclination to exert efforts towards some particular behavior. How somebody makes use of his/ her efforts towards a goal is determined by the motivating/ de-motivating factors.
The corporate focus is now shifting from output of the organizations to the interest and welfare of their employees as they have realized that in today's world of cut throat competition where the supplies of both manpower and other natural resources is limited, they can survive only by the best effort, participation and whole hearted involvement of their employees.
The economy was in shambles. The global economy was affected as the US economy is one of the most influential economies of the world. The effects of the recession were widespread and varied in the business sectors around the world. The US economy was hit by severe job
st of the operators including Leo had been facing frustration on account of pressures from customers to increase the quality and their feeling of being powerless to change anything. The company had also been facing financial problems with its cash flow being negative for 3 years
The major focus of this paper is on Chutimon’s learning of English as a second language.
Chutimon is a 28 years old female and her first language is Thai because she is by birth a Thailand National. English is her second language that she has started
The six motivation theories include; Maslow’s need hierarchy theory, Expectancy theory, Goal-setting theory, Management by objectives (MBO) theory, Equity theory and Job enrichment theory (Fargus, 2000).
Maslow’s needs hierarchy theory explains the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Motivation Case study for FREE!