StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The First Persian Gulf War - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The First Persian Gulf War

The main battles were aerial and ground combat within Iraq, Kuwait, and bordering areas of Saudi Arabia. The war did not expand outside the immediate Iraq/Kuwait/Saudi border region, although Iraq fired missiles on Israeli cities.The Iraqi seizure of Kuwait was of immediate interest to the western capitalist societies because Iraq and Kuwait together would control approximately 20 percent of the world's known oil reserves (Kellner 9). With the potential wealth generated from future oil sales and control over oil prices, Saddam Hussein could play a major role on the world's political and economic stage. Consequently, Iraq's invasion of Kuwait produced a crisis for the world capitalist system, for U.S. and European economic interests, and for the stability of the Middle East. Iraq was not able to get control of Kuwaiti investments because much of their money had been transferred out of the country. Yet, rather than encouraging a diplomatic solution to the crisis that would return Kuwait's sovereignty and secure the region, George Bush responded with a military intervention, which inexorably led to the Gulf war itself.
Interest in the crisis increased when the U.S. claimed that Iraq might also invade Saudi Arabia, which was said to control 20 percent of the world's known oil reserves and an investment portfolio even larger than Kuwait's. George Bush, who had initially attacked the invasion as "naked aggression," heated up his rhetoric and declared on August 5 that the invasion "would not stand." Two days later, he sent thousands of troops to Saudi Arabia. The Bush administration had thus set the stage for the Gulf war by failing to warn Iraq of the consequences of invading Kuwait and then by quickly sending troops to Saudi Arabia while undercutting diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis (Frank 20).
There was no single reason why the United States relentlessly pursued the military option in the crisis of the Gulf. Dissection of the underlying forces that led the Bush administration to pursue the war option reveals a complex web of political, economic, and military considerations. The Gulf war was not solely a war for oil, for the greater glory of George Bush and the Pentagon, or for the promotion of U.S. geopolitical supremacy in order to bolster a faltering U.S. economy, although all of these factors played a role in producing the war. Instead, the Gulf war was "overdetermined" and requires a multicausal analysis (Kellner 11-12).
In 1990, Bush's presidency was facing severe domestic economic and political problems, including: a sky-rocketing deficit caused by Reagan's and Bush's astronomical defense-spending; a severe S&L, banking, and insurance crisis caused by Republican deregulation policies; and proliferating public squalor marked by growing homelessness, unemployment, economic deprivation, deteriorating cities with epidemics of crime and drugs, health problems such as AIDS, cancer, and the absence of a national health insurance program. These and many other problems were in part caused, or aggravated, by the policies of George Bush and his predecessor Ronald Reagan. Consequently, it was in George Bush's interest to divert attention from current crises and the potentially deteriorating economy with a scapegoat for the economic imbroglio produced by Republican economics. That is, Bush could claim that the economic problems were caused by Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing crisis that drove up ...Show more

Summary

The 1991 Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of approximately 30 nations mandated by the United Nations and led by the United States. The lead up to the war began with the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, following unproven Iraqi contentions that Kuwait was illegally "slant-drilling" oil across Iraq's border…
Author : nya12
The First Persian Gulf War essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The First Persian Gulf War"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

The effect of first gulf war on the gulf area
Peace between states is merely war by other means” (Plato-Stanford, 2011). His philosophy declares man by nature is destructive; therefore his depiction of the struggles between men is natural with the consequences of struggle resulting in war. Whether Hobbes’ summation of the nature of man is accurate or as of consequence man is propelled into war is debatable, but war by its very nature is destructive, destroying human lives, disrupting cultures, and crippling economies.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
United States intervention and the Gulf War
With Saudi Arabia as an ally nurtured by President Truman way back in 1947, the U.S in its seemingly hegemonistic pursuits and driven by the vision of global interdependence in respect of oil, backed up by the Nixon’s Twin Pillar Policy of the early seventies, adopted the strategy of “Active and Offshore Balancing”
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Source Evaluation: The Turban For The Crown
The book, ‘turban for the crown’ provides an insight into understanding the rise of shi’ism in Iran and the impact it had on the war. It focuses on explaining the history of Shi’ism in Iranian history and the role religion plays in the country’s political scene.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Persian Gulf Wars of 1991 & 2003
The invasion of Kuwait by the Iraqi army at the behest of its then president Saddam Hussein, in August 1990 marked the beginning of the Gulf Wars. The Gulf, also known as the Arabian Gulf, refers to the gulf that separates the Arabian Peninsula from the main landmass located at the South Western part of Asia.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Persian Gulf Security
The oil development was slow to get under way and was far from uniform in its results. Not all the mini-shaykhdoms, or what I call tribalities, struck it rich. But when they did-as in the case of Kuwait with a pre-oil population of perhaps no more than seventy to one hundred thousand, Qatar with no more than forty thousand, and Abu Dhabi with less than twenty-five thousand-they sometimes struck it very, very rich.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Gulf War
Not only the oil supply was threatened, but also there was a danger of emboldened Saddam invading the neighbouring countries like Saudi Arabia. Hence, operation 'Desert Shield' was launched with great public support and at that time, George Bush was at the zenith of his popularity.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Summary of Benjamin R. Bates. Audiences, Metaphors, and the Persian Gulf War
Having indicated some of the compulsions that an international audience puts on foreign policy rhetoric, Benjamin Bates observed the significance of Bush's mass-mediated public speeches as a representative anecdote for the persuasion of this international audience.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Why has the concept of Persian Gulf Security changed in the War on Terror
The oil development was slow to get under way and was far from uniform in its results. Not all the mini-shaykhdoms, or what I call tribalities, struck it rich.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
What was the strategic and operational setting on the eve of the Gulf War What influence did Washington politics and coalition issues have on planning
With Saudi Arabia as an ally nurtured by President Truman way back in 1947, the U.S in its seemingly hegemonistic pursuits and driven by the vision of
1 pages (250 words) Essay
SOURCE EVALUATION:Arjomand, Said Amir. The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran. New York: Oxford UP, 1989. Print
It focuses on explaining the history of Shi’ism in Iranian history and the role religion plays in the country’s political scene. It provides a view of return to Islamic fundamentals in Iran and the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation