Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not

2448). The study was conducted by doctors at an urban teaching hospital. The research subjects included three hundred and seventy-six pre-school children. Of these children, one hundred and ninety experienced fetal brain exposure to cocaine. One hundred and eight-six did not experience such exposure. The main testing standards were related to intellectual quotient measurements; more specifically, the study employed the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence-Revised measurements for determinations of outcomes. This is a standard measurement authority and there is little debate about its use and efficacy. The findings were rather interesting.

As an initial matter, this study was pursued because of inconsistent results regarding the longer-term consequences of prenatal cocaine exposure. In the media, it is common to hear about definitive correlations and relationships; for purposes of academic evaluation, however, the correlations have proven less definitive empirically. The findings in this case, dealing only with the effects noticed in a child's initial four-year lifespan, were seemingly mild in certain ways. In many respects, the study found that fetal brain exposure to cocaine did not cause a lower full-scale intelligence quotient, did not cause lower scores or verbal performance generally, and did not cause any significant differences in performance. On the other hand, there were some findings which suggested that the potential dangers of prenatal drug exposure, in this case cocaine, were real. For instance, “prenatal cocaine exposure was related to small but significant deficits on several subscales” (Arendt & Farkas et al, 2004: p. 2452). ...Show more

Summary

This evaluation addresses a recent research study, conducted by Arendt & Farkas et al, titled the "Cognitive Outcomes of Preschool Children with Prenatal Cocaine Exposure." …
Author : rashadcassin
Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Cocaine
Though its popularity has declined somewhat since the 1970’s and 80’s, cocaine is still one of the top drugs of choice among users, abusers, and addicts. Blaise writes, “Cocaine abuse is widespread but rarely admitted. There is no cocaine consumer profile either for social class, age or sex” (pg. 1263). In truth, cocaine is not as insidious a drug as one might suppose. While users can typically hide their use for a little while, extended use of cocaine shows obvious external signs of their drug habit.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Evaluating The Research Process
The family category includes factors that are genetic and family rituals that encourage obesity among the members. Some of these rituals include lack of family exercises, food prevalence and other family related routines. The obesity in the community level may arise due to the environment and factors of communal activities that may be encouraging most people to acquire this disorder.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Prenatal Development
"Prenatal exposure to harmful substances, including substances of abuse, such as alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, can damage the developing fetus and have long term effects Four factors determine the result of exposure to a substance: (1) dosage and duration of exposure, (2) nature of the substance, (3) timing of exposure, and (4) the constitution of the individual exposed." (Sloboda and Bukoski, p 330).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Evaluating published research
The article consists of an introduction to the subject, literature review section, hypotheses, methodology description and analysis, and conclusion. In the introduction, the authors underline the differences between the Anglo-American context and German culture.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Prenatal Dangers
The findings of this research study illuminate the very real dangers of drug use in the prenatal context. The specific purpose of this study was to "assess effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and quality of caregiving environment on 4-year cognitive outcomes" (Arendt & Farkas et al, 2004: p.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Evaluating Research
Yes. In fact, one literature authored by Guthrie and Wigfield (2000) provided the broad theoretical framework for their study as well as citing all other works within their study, thus suggesting that they
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
CoCaine
Due to the extremely addictive nature of the drug and the fact that it is detrimental to the physiology of the user, cocaine is illegal all over the world although it is widely used
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Evaluating potential international relations challenges
National interests frequently incorporate individual protection, army security, financial affluence, and inspiration of other
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Evaluating the Research Process
Robinson & Frank (1994) hypothesize that teenage males who are active sexually usually have higher self-esteem levels over those males who are non-active sexually. Secondly, the research also theorizes that sexually active teenage females report lower self-esteem levels than
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Evaluating Bias in Research
Topic can be in the form of a question that the researcher intends to investigate. It is the topic that guides and shapes the entire flow of a research. Students can use key words in the research questions to search for the sources of information.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT