We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This evaluation addresses a recent research study, conducted by Arendt & Farkas et al, titled the "Cognitive Outcomes of Preschool Children with Prenatal Cocaine Exposure." …
Download paper
Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not

2448). The study was conducted by doctors at an urban teaching hospital. The research subjects included three hundred and seventy-six pre-school children. Of these children, one hundred and ninety experienced fetal brain exposure to cocaine. One hundred and eight-six did not experience such exposure. The main testing standards were related to intellectual quotient measurements; more specifically, the study employed the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence-Revised measurements for determinations of outcomes. This is a standard measurement authority and there is little debate about its use and efficacy. The findings were rather interesting.

As an initial matter, this study was pursued because of inconsistent results regarding the longer-term consequences of prenatal cocaine exposure. In the media, it is common to hear about definitive correlations and relationships; for purposes of academic evaluation, however, the correlations have proven less definitive empirically. The findings in this case, dealing only with the effects noticed in a child's initial four-year lifespan, were seemingly mild in certain ways. In many respects, the study found that fetal brain exposure to cocaine did not cause a lower full-scale intelligence quotient, did not cause lower scores or verbal performance generally, and did not cause any significant differences in performance. On the other hand, there were some findings which suggested that the potential dangers of prenatal drug exposure, in this case cocaine, were real. For instance, “prenatal cocaine exposure was related to small but significant deficits on several subscales” (Arendt & Farkas et al, 2004: p. 2452). ...
For instance, "prenatal cocaine exposure was related to small but significant deficits on several subscales" (Arendt & Farkas et al, 2004: p. 2452). The specific findings were that fetal brain exposure to cocaine resulted in significant deficits in visual-spatial skills, general knowledge, and arithmetic skills. An additional finding was that while overall performance was generally similar, those children whom were exposed to cocaine demonstrated a lower likelihood of posting an intelligence quotient score above the normative means.
This study offers some interesting insights, the basis for making more accurate judgments, into the precise effects of prenatal drug exposure in the short-term; in addition, it also provides some concrete bases for speculation into the longer-term effects. From a general point of view, there do not appear to be any substantial effects. Verbal skills and overall performance were basically the same for both exposed and non-exposed children. These findings, however, may be misleading because there were demonstrable negative cognitive effects on a more particularized level. The study clearly showed, for example, that specific types of cognitive development, such as arithmetic and spatial-visual skills, were impaired. The implication is that these children will experience even more substantial intellectual problems as they continue to develop cognitively. In short, fetal brain exposure to cocaine places infants at a cognitive disadvantage. Specific cognitive impairments will likely affect cognitive development more generally as these children mature.
An evaluation of these findings, and judgmental interpretation of these findings, suggests that, in fact, there are potential dangers arising ... Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287279-evaluating-a-research-study-on-prenatal-cocaine-exposure-potential-dangers-or-not
(Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Essay)
“Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287279-evaluating-a-research-study-on-prenatal-cocaine-exposure-potential-dangers-or-not.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Though its popularity has declined somewhat since the 1970’s and 80’s, cocaine is still one of the top drugs of choice among users, abusers, and addicts. Blaise writes, “Cocaine abuse is widespread but rarely admitted. There is no cocaine consumer profile either for social class, age or sex” (pg. 1263). In truth, cocaine is not as insidious a drug as one might suppose. While users can typically hide their use for a little while, extended use of cocaine shows obvious external signs of their drug habit.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Evaluating The Research Process
The family category includes factors that are genetic and family rituals that encourage obesity among the members. Some of these rituals include lack of family exercises, food prevalence and other family related routines. The obesity in the community level may arise due to the environment and factors of communal activities that may be encouraging most people to acquire this disorder.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Prenatal Development
"Prenatal exposure to harmful substances, including substances of abuse, such as alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, can damage the developing fetus and have long term effects Four factors determine the result of exposure to a substance: (1) dosage and duration of exposure, (2) nature of the substance, (3) timing of exposure, and (4) the constitution of the individual exposed." (Sloboda and Bukoski, p 330).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Evaluating published research
The article consists of an introduction to the subject, literature review section, hypotheses, methodology description and analysis, and conclusion. In the introduction, the authors underline the differences between the Anglo-American context and German culture.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Prenatal Dangers
The findings of this research study illuminate the very real dangers of drug use in the prenatal context. The specific purpose of this study was to "assess effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and quality of caregiving environment on 4-year cognitive outcomes" (Arendt & Farkas et al, 2004: p.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Evaluating Research
Yes. In fact, one literature authored by Guthrie and Wigfield (2000) provided the broad theoretical framework for their study as well as citing all other works within their study, thus suggesting that they
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Due to the extremely addictive nature of the drug and the fact that it is detrimental to the physiology of the user, cocaine is illegal all over the world although it is widely used
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Evaluating potential international relations challenges
National interests frequently incorporate individual protection, army security, financial affluence, and inspiration of other
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Evaluating the Research Process
Robinson & Frank (1994) hypothesize that teenage males who are active sexually usually have higher self-esteem levels over those males who are non-active sexually. Secondly, the research also theorizes that sexually active teenage females report lower self-esteem levels than
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Evaluating Bias in Research
Topic can be in the form of a question that the researcher intends to investigate. It is the topic that guides and shapes the entire flow of a research. Students can use key words in the research questions to search for the sources of information.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Evaluating a Research Study on Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Potential Dangers or Not for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us