The question of abortion is the most complex and debatable issue in medical practice dealing with moral and ethical principles and concerns. Two main stands are exist: "pro-choice" advocates support woman's rights to choose while 'pro-life' advocates underline divine right of fetus to live and God's will…
Ethical claims and principles suggest that women should have a right to abort a fetus because pregnancy and child birth is a personal matter and only a woman has a right to decide her destiny. The issue of moral choice centers on the factor of meaningful human life or personality. From the biological perspective, the fertilized egg is not a human being yet. The concept of individualization is not identified until the first stages of cell division are completed. So, fetus is not an individual and a woman does not violate human rights and does not 'kill'' a baby (Colker, 3). From the religious point of view, beginning with the premise that God infuses the soul at the moment of conception, church maintains that every unborn child must be regarded as a human person. The main controversy of his argument is that at what point it is morally wise to charge fetal life as human life. Too much stress on the fetus can lead to an abstracting from the important role the woman's body plays in the development of a child. In speaking of the view of convinced critics that the status of the child is the most important issue to resolve in the abortion controversy, Marquis gives examples of pain on animals (Stetson 101). The second controversy is that Marques states: "Presumably abortion could be justified in some circumstances, only of the loss consequent on failing to abort would be at least as great" (Marquis). He does not take into account that women should have a right to abort a fetus as a preventive measure not to born cripples (physical or mental). In reality, nobody will benefited from this new life: a mother will suffer all her life raising up a disabled creature, a parasitic twin will not become a society member able to work and lead an independent life. In this case, a fetus does not possess psychological characteristics and is not entitled to have full moral status, and should be aborted (Kramlich 7830.
Therefore, pro-choice advocates like Warren and Thomson believe that banning abortions without any exceptions is a cruel and unjustifiable practice. Probably, Marcuqy would respond that abortion is also very bad for the morality of society as a whole. Abortion is an easy way out, so it encourages promiscuity and unprotected sex. The very notion of abortion is immoral because it ruins the whole concept of responsible parenthood. The society has the duty to protect the life of its citizens. The right to life has been the foundation of the civilized society. It seems that the most persuasive argument of the pro-choice lobby is that sometimes pregnancy occurs due to rape or incest. The most appropriate answer to this problem is the state taking a firm ground with a view to decrease the rate of rape and incest. And, in fact, not all rape and abortion victims want abortion. On the one hand, the opponents state that if humans are killed before birth, they are the same person as the other human beings (Stetson 32). The concept of killing contradicts with all existed religious and moral practices. Some people are content to continue with the moral traditions in which they were raised, while others are drawn toward systems of belief that they find match their needs and perceptions of this spiritual dimensions. "Fetuses seem to be like arbotraroly chosen human cells on some respects and like ...
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(Ethical Argument-Abortion Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Ethical Argument-Abortion Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287819-ethical-argument-abortion.
Although McCorvey later turned against abortion, she pioneered a law which has given women the right to bodily autonomy since 1973. Recently the abortion debate has been gripping the United States more furiously than ever, with many new arguments and even laws being made against it.
Considering the topic of abortion, it is necessary to understand the utilitarian theory by J.S. Mill. With regard to ethical questions, a quantitative method should be used, involving cost-benefit analysis. The ethical decision should be considered, which would produce the greatest benefits for the society as a whole.
Certain democratic nations accept the act and they do not require a reason for that act. Certain nations have adopted a time period limit of pregnancy after which abortion is not allowed. In the region of Denmark as well as France the pregnancy period after which abortion is not allowed in 12 weeks, on the other hand no such limits have been set by Canada (UN 125).
They believe that human lives are sacred and therefore should be treated with respect and reverence. Most religious experts assume that killing is wrong since it ends the life that the maker intended to live and fulfil its purpose on earth. However, some people believe that abortion is right provided it is done with good intentions.
The Ethical Dilemma of Abortion. Abortion is a topic that has, and will forever remain to be debatable, considering that a consensus regarding the issue does not seem to be anywhere closer to being reached. Abortion becomes an ethical dilemma however, whenever some aspects arises which appears to justify its procurement (Simon, 2000).
People become completely upset and outraged and want to know how something like this could happen Thousands of people are crying for those poor innocent, defenseless, unborn children. But yet, when it comes to abortion everybody is quick to say that it's not murder because the child is not born yet.
Every child in the world has a right to live whether they are born out of wedlock or love. Considered as the little angels, they are blessings from above. Every person, every child has to experience life's pleasures, may it be happy or sad. Although each and everyone came from different race, families and country, each has their own right to live in the community.
For example, let us pose and think of how a pregnancy that results out of rape will affect the woman carrying the child. While some people would hold the opinion that life starts at conception and therefore a baby needs to be kept no matter how it has
The one big reason why abortion should be legal is the fact that any woman should have a complete right over her own body and what she intends to do to her body (Harrison 106). In that context, it would be totally wrong on the part of the government and the religious bodies to exercise control over a woman’s body by making abortion illegal or unethical (Harrison 106).
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