Brazil and Mexico: Relative Levels of Development - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Brazil and Mexico: Relative Levels of Development

For decades after the 2nd World War, after the United Nations Organization was set up, country-wise development was measured in terms of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Critics to this measure held that judging a country's development levels solely through factors that measure economic performance was insufficient as it failed to consider several other performance items, especially intangible humanitarian ones, that greatly indicated development levels in their variations from country to country.
In the early 1990s the United Nations took heed of this failing and introduced a new index for development: the Index of Human Development (IHD) (Wharton School, 2004). It is a simple measure and considers only three variables: per capita income, access to education and life expectancy. As of 2004, 175 of the United Nation's 191 countries use this index (Wharton School, 2004).
The 2003 "Human Development Index" Report brought out by the United Nations in collaboration with other international agencies like the World Bank and UNESCO rank Mexico in the 55th place while Brazil ranks in the 65th place. In all 175 countries are listed. Four data sets are considered, all belonging to the period 2000-2001. These are as follows:
It is clearly observable from the data sets that except for the "per capita income" set, which belongs to the economic category, the ...
Download paper

Summary

The purpose of this essay is to identify and very succinctly describe the five most important demographic and economic data categories pertaining to each of the two chosen countries - Brazil and Mexico - that have to be analyzed to determine the relative levels of development there…
Author : boehmford

Related Essays

AIDS in Brazil
At this time, a group of health professionals emerged that was determined to re-model the public health system. Thus they started what it is known as the "health reform movement" in Brazil (Camargo, 2005). In 1982, there were held democratic elections for state governor after many years of military regimes. The opposition triumphed in some key states and members of the "health reform movement" were employed in the State Health Secretariats. Camargo states that through this new order "the movement towards integrated health policies thus began to gain ground, eventually resulting in the...
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
Historiographical Paper on Latin America Specificly on Educational Policies under Populist leaders in Brazil, Mexico and Argentina
Following the Great Depression many Latin American countries were seeking new ideas and policies to ward off economic losses.
...
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Economic Development of Brazil
The transfer of technology is essential for faster growth and it will also enable them to compete at an international level which will also stimulate growth.
...
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Country Report on Brazil
It gained peaceful independence in 1822. It abolished slavery in 1888. There was monarchical rule between 1822 and 1888. The country was ruled by powerful coffee exporters until 1930 when Getulio Vargas rose to power. In 1985 the military rulers ceded power peacefully to civilian rulers (The World Factbook).
...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Fiji's relative global economic development
Till the 1980s, the descendants of Indian laborers that the British had brought on the islands dominated the country. Since 1987, the islands have faced a number of military coups that have disrupted attempts to form a democracy. The 1990 constitution of Fiji strengthened the powers of the native Melanesian community over the political scenario although an amendment in 1997 gave equal powers to the Indians and the natives. However, political turmoil has continued in the islands resulting in disturbances in the economic activities of the population and trade relations with the rest of the world...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Brazil
(CIA, 2007) Brazil has a multiethnic social structure with Roman Catholicism as the dominant religion and Portuguese as the main language. It is characterized by natural surroundings, wildlife diversity, protected habitats. It terms of demography, it is fifth most populous nation in the world and in terms of geographical area it is the fifth largest. Brazil is officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil. (CIA, 2008) The natives of Brazil are perceived to have descended from the North Asian migrants of around 9000BC. In the beginning due to the already generated high profits from...
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!