She states that every day experiences and particularly the role of the post modern media has a large role to play here." Gray and Ropeik(2002) have stated that "Fear itself is a risk and must be part of risk-management policy making." In this vein they have stated that the post September the 11th fear has come to involve serious public health connotations and lessened peoples faith in aviation security. The threat of anthrax caused many thousands of people to take "broad-spectrum antibiotics to prevent possible anthrax infections, thereby accelerating antimicrobial resistance"(Gray and Ropeik2002). This was all a result of fear and they propose that this could have been avoided by effective risk communication.The general public should not have to rely upon media awareness but personal experience and conversation should form the pivotal concern for communication here.Gray and Ropeik(2002) further note that this uncertainty caused an even greater uncertainty amongst the victim base which was the query that " .Who were the attackers What will they do next When Where How does anthrax work Just how hard is it to "weaponize" biological agents Is our water supply safe _ Is the risk personal as in "it might happen to me,"
Jackson(2006) has lent some interesting insights into the fear of crime to risk research, in line with the concept of fear of crime and the politics of fear, emotion and cognition of the victim base and the prospective/feared victim base. He concludes that "the fear of crime may be an individual response to community social order and a generalized attitude toward the moral trajectory of society."
It is interesting as Linda et al (2004) note that there has been an increased willingness to sacrifice civil liberties for control of terrorism.Raymond Monsour Scurfield (2002) as a personal victim of the events of September the 11th saga has shown the psychological repercussions of the post 9/11 attacks upon the range of normal and expectable reactions by those present on and distant from the terror site particularly in the form of PTSD ( post-traumatic stress disorder)
She has shown that the impact of September the 11th had an overall bearing upon the country's workplace and had psychological impacts even upon the people not at the ground zero site.She has also noted that " for the one-month period following the September 2001 attack, there was a 16 percent increase nationwide in the prescription of antidepressants as compared to the previous year."
It is worth learning from yester year's horror bibles like the discovery of the 180 pages long Al Qaeda manual which was seized from the Manchester ,England home of a bin Laden disciple, was a shocking moment for Britain and new dilemma for the counterterrorism forces and anti terrorism think tanks of Britain and the US. The Arabic manual literally translated was about "Military Studies in the Jihad Against the Tyrants," which was basically a complete guide believed to be the "terrorism textbook" with guidance for jihad members on subjects such as assassination ,forgery and preparing poisons in its 18 chapters for the followers of Osama bin Laden. The manual was subsequently placed into evidence during a federal trial of four terrorists who