Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been one of the most important personality disorders defined in DSM-IV and it refers to a protracted disorder of personality function in a human being, usually a person over the age of eighteen years. Significantly, a person with BPD typically exhibits abnormal levels of instability in mood, because this disorder is noted for depth and inconsistency of moods…
It is also important to recognize that a person with a borderline personality disorder frequently has a repetitive pattern of disorganization and volatility in self-image, mood, behavior, and close personal relationships, which normally causes considerable distress or destruction in friendships and work. Also called Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder, BPD is characterized by impetuous actions, quickly changing moods, and chaotic relationships. As Richard J. Corelli maintains, "a person with this disorder can often be bright and intelligent, and appear warm, friendly and competent. They sometimes can maintain this appearance for a number of years until their defense structure crumbles, usually around a stressful situation like the breakup of a romantic relationship or the death of a parent." (Corelli). As a result of the various characteristics of this disorder, an individual with BPD frequently meets one emotional crisis after another and he often encounters separation anxiety, dependency, unbalanced self-image, chronic feelings of purposelessness, and threats of self-harm. The various disturbances associated with this disorder have a persistent negative impact on the various psychosocial facets of a person's life. This paper makes a reflective exploration of the borderline personality disorder in order to comprehend the various factors and characteristics connected with this disorder.
In a profound analysis of borderline personality disorder, it becomes lucid that it is one of the major personality disorders defined by DSM-IV-TR of the American Psychiatric Association. Previously known as character disorders, personality disorders refer to a class of personality types and behaviors which, as the American Psychiatric Association defines, diverge strikingly from the expectations of the culture of the person with BPD. It is important to comprehend that the DSM-IV lists ten types of personality disorders which are classified into three clusters in Axis II and the BPD belongs to the Cluster B (dramatic, emotional or erratic disorders) of the classification. According to the DSM-IV code 301.83, borderline personality disorder is characterized by extreme 'black and white' thinking, instability in relationships, self-image, identity and behavior. "The essential feature of Borderline Personality Disorder is a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity that begins by early adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts." (DSM IV: Criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder). A reflective analysis of DSM-IV code 301.83 suggests that BPD refer to a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and discernible impulsivity which begins in a person by early adulthood and it is observable in the individual in a variety of contexts. These contexts include hysterical efforts to keep away from real or imagined abandonment, a pattern of unbalanced and extreme interpersonal relationships, identity disturbance, impulsivity in areas that are potentially self-damaging, repeated suicidal behavior, affective instability as a result of a discernible reactivity of mood, constant feelings of barrenness, intense anger, and temporary, stress-related paranoid ideation ...
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These symptoms are emotional instability, inappropriate or intense anger, self-destructive acts, impulsivity, unstable relationships, identity disturbance, and chronic feelings of emptiness or boredom. These broad identifying symptoms can be refined through a thorough examination of the personality of the patient in order to create a more refined diagnosis.
They hold themselves in higher regard and feel that they are superior to anybody else. However, despite this external display of emotions, a person suffering from narcissistic personality disorder suffers from a low self-esteem and a poor self-image. In essence, narcissistic personality disorder is there way of coping with their feelings of self-rejection.
The cause of this disease has not been definitively established, nevertheless, conduct disorder, as well as other childhood and adolescent mental disorders have been credited as predisposing factors to the development of antisocial personality disorder. Its treatment and prevention therefore have been based on the prevention of the onset of such childhood and adolescent disorders.
A large percentage of people suffering from BPD do not know what exactly is affecting them. In actual sense, their current reactions to injures or situations are an unconscious expression of the things they experienced in childhood or adolescent stage but were suppressed.
Narcissism is a condition in which an individual takes self-admiration to the extreme level. The origin of the word “narcissism” is a Greek myth about Narcissus, who is a handsome lad who falls in love with his own reflection that he sees in a water-pool.
Studies have found a profound relationship between traumatic events and antisocial personality disorder as it causes complications in adaptation to normal life (Marten, 2005). In addition, it may be caused by genetic factors that influence one’s psychic organization.
Personality disorders are difficult because they deal with the essential elements of an individual that have gone wrong, making their social life cumbersome. They are often disenfranchised from the rest of the world, their ability to function made more difficult by the way in which they perceive and react to the world.
These experiences in turn affect their self-image, external structure and interpersonal relationships. However, a large percentage of people suffering from BPD do not know what exactly is affecting them. In actual sense, their current reactions to injures or situations are
3) it is today characterized by such personality traits as impulsivity, high negative emotionality, low conscientiousness, irresponsibility, exploitative behavior, recklessness, deceitfulness, unstable interpersonal relationships, disregard for the consequences
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